Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Balkans, and ranges from southern Bulgaria, extreme southern Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, and much of mainland Greece (excluding most of the Peloponnese). It is also present on many of the Aegean Islands (including the Cyclades, Sporades and Astypalaia in the Dodecanese). It occurs from sea level up to 2,000m asl. In many places it is known from isolated localities, rather than a continuous range.
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Continent: Europe
Distribution: Greece (incl. Cyclade Islands Seriphos, Syphnos, Amorgos, Kato-and Apano Kufonisi, Keros, Antikeros, Grabusa, Anhydros and Glaronisi, Makria and Mikro-Phtheno, south of Anafi, Ktenia, east of Naxos, Crete, Kinaros, Levitha, central Greece, Euboea, Peloponnese, islands Hydra and Prasso Nisi in the bay of Salamis, Hagios Nikolaos, northernmost Makaria Island east of Naxos, Megalo Phtheno, larger one of the two Phthini Islands, south of Anafi, Andros, Tinos, Mykonos, Dilos, Rinia Mikro and Megalo Rhemathiaris, Cherronisi, Naxos, small islands in front of the northern and northeastern coast of Paros, Iráklia, Shinusa, Ios, Sikinos, Kardiotissa, Folegandros, and Thâra [Santorin Archipelago], Ofidusa, west of Astipalia, Pachia, south of Anafi, Fytiusa, south of Shinusa near Naxos, Dragonada and Paximada islands in front of northeastern coast of Crete, Epirus, Macedonia and Thrakia, Northern Sporades, Dhia island, north of Crete, Tria Nisia, south of Syrina near Astipalia, Syrina and Due Adelphi, south of Astipalia, Kythnos, Thessalia, Euboea [?], Mikronisi and Gaidaronisi Islands, south of Crete, Megali Zafrana, Ovriokastro), Albania, Macedonia, S Bulgaria  
Type locality: Seriphos Island, Cyclades  amorgensis:
Type locality: Amorgos Island, SE Cyclade Isalnds.  biinsulicola:
Type locality: Makria Island near Anaphi, Aegean Islands (restricted by MERTENS & WERMUTH 1940).  buchholzi:
Type locality: Ktenia Island = Boidi, east of Naxos  elaphonisii:
Type locality: “Leuchtturminsel Elaphonisi (= Lafonisi) an der Südwestecke Kretas”.  kinarensis:
Type locality: Kinaros Island, east of Amorgos, SE Cyclade Islands.  leukaorii:
Type locality: Samaria, Leuka Ori, SW Crete.  levithensis:
Type locality: Levitha Island, east of Amorgos.  livadiacus: C Greece;
Type locality: “Mittel-Griechenland”  makariasi:
Type locality: Haga Nikolaos Island, northernmost of the Makariais Islands, east of Naxos.  megalophthenae:
Type locality: Megalo Phthena Island, the eastern and larger of the two Phthini Islands, Aegean Sea.  mykonensis: Tinos etc.;
Type locality: Mykonos Island.  naxensis: Greece Nisia, Naxos);
Type locality: Naxos Island.  ophidusae:
Type locality: Ofidusa Island, west of Astropalia, Aegean Sea.  pachiae:
Type locality: Pachia Island, south of Anaphi, Cyclades  phytiusae:
Type locality: Phytiusa Island near the southern tip of Schinusa Island, south of Naxos.  psathurensis:
Type locality: Psathura Island, northern Sporade Islands.  punctigularis:
Type locality: “Klippe Prassonisi an der Südwestecke Kretas”.  rechingeri: Dragonada Island, Dionysiade Islands, NE of Crete.  schiebeli:
Type locality: Dhia Island near Candia, north coastof Crete.  scopelensis:
Type locality: Skopelos Island, N Sporade Islands.  subobscura:
Type locality: southwestern, largest island of the Tria Nisia, south of Syrina, Aegean Sea.  syrinae:
Type locality: Syrina Island, near Astropalia, Cyclades  riveti: Macedonia, Bulgaria (etc.);
Type locality: Strkovo, Macedonia.  ruthveni:
Type locality: “Bucht Hagios Petra auf der Insel Kyra-Panagia, nördliche Sporaden”  thermiensis:
Type locality: Kythnos Island, W Cyclade Islands.  thessalicus: Greece (Thessalia province);
Type locality: Thessalian Olymp.  werneriana: Mikronisi Island near Hierapetra, south coast of Crete.  veithii:
Type locality: Vioska, Albania  zafrana: Megali Zafrana Island, south of Astropalia, Aegean Sea.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is found in rocky areas of Mediterranean type scrubland. Island populations can occur in more open areas such as sand dune systems. The females lay one to five eggs in a clutch.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
Petros Lymberakis, Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic, Rastko Ajtic, Milan Vogrin, Wolfgang Böhme

Reviewer/s
Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

History
  • 2006
    Least Concern
    (IUCN 2006)
  • 2006
    Least Concern
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Population

Population
It can be common in suitable habitat.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There have been some localized declines of populations caused by habitat loss for tourism developments, but there are no threats to the species overall at present.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is listed on Annex II of the Bern Convention and is protected by national legislation over a number of its range countries, but this legislation requires better enforcement. Its range includes several protected areas.
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Wikipedia

Erhard's wall lizard

The Erhard's wall lizard (Podarcis erhardii) lives in the Balkan peninsula and the Aegean islands. On the mainland it ranges from Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and southern Bulgaria to the northeastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece. In the Aegean archipelago it does not occur in Milos or the surrounding islands, where it is replaced by the Milos wall lizard.

The length of the lizard's body is about 7 cm; the tail is twice as long. The head is rather wide, and the skin is smooth. The colour and patterning of this species vary a lot. The main colour is typically grey or brown, sometimes green. Females particularly are often striped. On the edges of the back two white stripes border two dark stripes or spotty lines. In the middle of the back may be a dark line. Some males have net-like patterning, where longitudinal and transverse lines and spots mix. The belly and often throat are white, yellow, orange or red, and in the Aegean Islands also green, blue or grey. The belly is never spotty, but sometimes there are blue spots in the hind legs.

Erhard's wall lizard lives in dry or rocky places with dense, low bushes. It climbs very well. The lizard populations in the Aegean archipelago inhabit open places, like plant-covered dunes, as well.

Erhard's wall lizard eats arthropods, especially insects. It mates in spring, and lays eggs at the beginning of the summer. The young lizards hatch in September, then measuring 3 cm.

References

Male Erhard's wall lizard with net-like patterning
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