Distribution: Greece (incl. Cyclade Islands Seriphos, Syphnos, Amorgos, Kato-and Apano Kufonisi, Keros, Antikeros, Grabusa, Anhydros and Glaronisi, Makria and Mikro-Phtheno, south of Anafi, Ktenia, east of Naxos, Crete, Kinaros, Levitha, central Greece, Euboea, Peloponnese, islands Hydra and Prasso Nisi in the bay of Salamis, Hagios Nikolaos, northernmost Makaria Island east of Naxos, Megalo Phtheno, larger one of the two Phthini Islands, south of Anafi, Andros, Tinos, Mykonos, Dilos, Rinia Mikro and Megalo Rhemathiaris, Cherronisi, Naxos, small islands in front of the northern and northeastern coast of Paros, Iráklia, Shinusa, Ios, Sikinos, Kardiotissa, Folegandros, and Thâra [Santorin Archipelago], Ofidusa, west of Astipalia, Pachia, south of Anafi, Fytiusa, south of Shinusa near Naxos, Dragonada and Paximada islands in front of northeastern coast of Crete, Epirus, Macedonia and Thrakia, Northern Sporades, Dhia island, north of Crete, Tria Nisia, south of Syrina near Astipalia, Syrina and Due Adelphi, south of Astipalia, Kythnos, Thessalia, Euboea [?], Mikronisi and Gaidaronisi Islands, south of Crete, Megali Zafrana, Ovriokastro), Albania, Macedonia, S Bulgaria
Type locality: Seriphos Island, Cyclades amorgensis:
Type locality: Amorgos Island, SE Cyclade Isalnds. biinsulicola:
Type locality: Makria Island near Anaphi, Aegean Islands (restricted by MERTENS & WERMUTH 1940). buchholzi:
Type locality: Ktenia Island = Boidi, east of Naxos elaphonisii:
Type locality: “Leuchtturminsel Elaphonisi (= Lafonisi) an der Südwestecke Kretas”. kinarensis:
Type locality: Kinaros Island, east of Amorgos, SE Cyclade Islands. leukaorii:
Type locality: Samaria, Leuka Ori, SW Crete. levithensis:
Type locality: Levitha Island, east of Amorgos. livadiacus: C Greece;
Type locality: “Mittel-Griechenland” makariasi:
Type locality: Haga Nikolaos Island, northernmost of the Makariais Islands, east of Naxos. megalophthenae:
Type locality: Megalo Phthena Island, the eastern and larger of the two Phthini Islands, Aegean Sea. mykonensis: Tinos etc.;
Type locality: Mykonos Island. naxensis: Greece (Trias Nisia, Naxos);
Type locality: Naxos Island. ophidusae:
Type locality: Ofidusa Island, west of Astropalia, Aegean Sea. pachiae:
Type locality: Pachia Island, south of Anaphi, Cyclades phytiusae:
Type locality: Phytiusa Island near the southern tip of Schinusa Island, south of Naxos. psathurensis:
Type locality: Psathura Island, northern Sporade Islands. punctigularis:
Type locality: “Klippe Prassonisi an der Südwestecke Kretas”. rechingeri: Dragonada Island, Dionysiade Islands, NE of Crete. schiebeli:
Type locality: Dhia Island near Candia, north coastof Crete. scopelensis:
Type locality: Skopelos Island, N Sporade Islands. subobscura:
Type locality: southwestern, largest island of the Tria Nisia, south of Syrina, Aegean Sea. syrinae:
Type locality: Syrina Island, near Astropalia, Cyclades riveti: Macedonia, Bulgaria (etc.);
Type locality: Strkovo, Macedonia. ruthveni:
Type locality: “Bucht Hagios Petra auf der Insel Kyra-Panagia, nördliche Sporaden” thermiensis:
Type locality: Kythnos Island, W Cyclade Islands. thessalicus: Greece (Thessalia province);
Type locality: Thessalian Olymp. werneriana: Mikronisi Island near Hierapetra, south coast of Crete. veithii:
Type locality: Vioska, Albania zafrana: Megali Zafrana Island, south of Astropalia, Aegean Sea.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2006Least Concern (LC)
Erhard's wall lizard
P. erhardii is found in the Balkan peninsula and the Aegean islands. On the mainland it ranges from Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and southern Bulgaria to the northeastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece. In the Aegean archipelago it does not occur in Milos or the surrounding islands, where it is replaced by the Milos wall lizard.
The length of the lizard's body is about 7 cm (2.8 in), and the tail is twice as long. The head is rather wide, and the skin is smooth. The colour and patterning of this species vary a lot. The main colour is typically grey or brown, sometimes green. Females particularly are often striped. On the edges of the back two white stripes border two dark stripes or spotty lines. In the middle of the back may be a dark line. Some males have net-like patterning, where longitudinal and transverse lines and spots mix. The belly and often throat are white, yellow, orange or red, and in the Aegean Islands also green, blue or grey. The belly is never spotty, but sometimes there are blue spots on the hind legs.
Erhard's wall lizard lives in dry or rocky places with dense, low bushes. It climbs very well. The lizard populations in the Aegean archipelago inhabit open places, like plant-covered dunes, as well.
P. erhardii mates in spring, and lays eggs at the beginning of the summer. The young lizards hatch in September, then measuring 3 cm (1.2 in).
- Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Podarcis erhardii, p. 85).
- Arnold EN, Burton JA. (1978). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. London: Collins 272 pp. + Plates 1-40. ISBN 0-00-219318-3. (Podarcis erhardii, p. 171 + Plate 31 + Map 90).
- Čihař, Jiří. (1994). Amphibians and Reptiles: A Magna Field Guide. Wigston, England: Magna Books. 192 pp. ISBN 1-85422-788-2
- Amphibians and Reptiles of Europe