Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is present throughout most of Portugal and much of Spain (excluding parts of the south and the northwest, but including the Columbretes Islands and the Charfarinas Islands), ranging into southern France as far as the Rhone River. The species occurs from sea level up to 3,481m asl.
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Continent: Africa Europe
Distribution: Portugal, Spain (incl. Columbrete Islands), Gibraltar, S France,  N Morocco (in the Haut Atlas up to 3100 m), N Algeria, N Tunisia  hispanica: restricted to SE Spain, while the greenish P. h.   liolepis: NE Spain, S France  sebastiani: Mt. Urgull and the island of Santa Clara (off San Sebastian, The Basque Country, Spain) (Bea et al., 1986).  cebennensis: SW France and North of Catalonia, Spain.  bocagei: endemic to NW Iberia,  
Type locality: Mount Agudo, near Murcia (SE Spain), restricted by Mertens and Müller (1928).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is generally found in climbing over rocks, in overgrown areas, on stone walls, on rock outcrops in alpine meadows, in bushy vegetation and in rural buildings. The females lay one to five eggs, with several clutches produced in a season.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
Jose Antonio Mateo Miras, Marc Cheylan, M. Saïd Nouira, Ulrich Joger, Paulo Sá-Sousa, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Iñigo Martínez-Solano

Reviewer/s
Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

History
  • 2006
    Least Concern
    (IUCN 2006)
  • 2006
    Least Concern
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Population

Population
It can be a common species in suitable habitat.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There appear to be no major threats to this species. Habitat loss and the introduction of competitors or predators are potential threats to the subspecies Podarcis hispanica atrata, the populations of which are confined to islands.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is listed on Annex III of the Bern Convention, and it is presumed to be present in several protected areas.
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Wikipedia

Podarcis hispanica

The Iberian wall lizard (Podarcis hispanica) is a small wall lizard species of the genus Podarcis. It is found in the Iberian peninsula, in northwestern Africa and in coastal districts in Languedoc-Roussillon in France. In Spanish, this lizard is commonly called lagartija Ibérica.[1]

Description[edit]

The Iberian wall lizard varies considerably in size and colouring across its range. It is a fairly small, slender, somewhat flattened species with a snout-to-vent length (SVL) averaging 50–70 mm (2.0–2.8 in) and a tail twice as long as its body. The background colour is usually grey or brown but is occasionally greenish. Most individuals have three narrow longitudinal stripes, one along the spine and the other two more distinct and on either side. Sometimes these are broken up into a series of streaks or marks. Some males instead have a reticulated (netlike) pattern and others are more uniform in colour. The throat is pale with a scattering of small spots, particularly near the sides, and the belly is usually whitish but may be pink, orange, red or buff. Young lizards may have blue tails.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Iberian wall lizard forms part of a species complex of Podarcis wall lizards occurring in the Iberian Peninsula and the Maghreb region of North Africa. The range map shows the boundaries between the species and includes P. bocagei, P. vaucheri, P. muralis, P. carbonelli and several different subspecies of P. hispanica.[3]

Several different subspecies of the Iberian wall lizard are found in Spain and Portugal (where it is the only small lizard over most of the southern half of Iberia), southwestern France, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. A subspecies of this lizard, Podarcis hispanica atrata, lives in the Columbretes Islands far off the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.[1]

Studies of mitochondrial DNA have shown that there is some gene flow between these species and that they hybridise to some extent where their ranges meet.[3]

It is a climbing lizard and is found on rocks, cliffs, walls, parapets, road cuttings and occasionally tree trunks at altitudes of up to 2,500 m (8,200 ft).[2]

Biology[edit]

The Iberian wall lizard is very agile and can move rapidly across a rock face. Males are somewhat territorial. Females lay clutches of one to five oval eggs which hatch in about eight weeks. At birth, the juveniles have a snout-to-vent length of 2 to 2.5 cm (0.8 to 1.0 in). The lifespan of this lizard is about four years.[2]

Status[edit]

The Iberian wall lizard has a wide range and is common over much of that range. It is assumed to have a large total population, it is able to adapt to modifications of its habitat and it faces no particular threats, so the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "least concern".[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Jose Antonio Mateo Miras, Marc Cheylan, M. Saïd Nouira, Ulrich Joger, Paulo Sá-Sousa, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Iñigo Martínez-Solano (2009). "Podarcis hispanica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  2. ^ a b c Arnold, E. Nicholas; Ovenden, Denys W. (2002). Field Guide: Reptiles & Amphibians of Britain & Europe. Collins & Co. pp. 151–152. ISBN 9780002199643. 
  3. ^ a b Catarina Pinho; D. James Harris; Nuno Ferrand (2008). "Non-equilibrium estimates of gene flow inferred from nuclear genealogies suggest that Iberian and North African wall lizards (Podarcis spp.) are an assemblage of incipient species". BMC Evolutionary Biology 8 (63). doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-63. 
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