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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occupies the northern third of the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, in northern Quintana Roo, northern Campeche and Yucatan. It occurs from sea level up to about 150 m asl.
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Continent: Middle-America
Distribution: Mexico (northern half of the Yucatan peninsula, Campeche), Belize
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© Peter Uetz

Source: The Reptile Database

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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Porthidium yucatanicum
Catalog Number: USNM 46571
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Sex/Stage: Female; Adult
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1901
Locality: Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico
Elevation (m): 61 to 91
  • Holotype: Smith, H. M. 1941. Zoologica. 26 (1): 62.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits thorn forest and tropical deciduous forest. It can also occur in degraded forest but not in human habitation.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2007

Assessor/s
Lee, J. & Calderón Mandujano, R.

Reviewer/s
Cox, N., Chanson, J.S. & Stuart, S.N. (Global Reptile Assessment Coordinating Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern because it is relatively widespread, common, and is not declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
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Population

Population
It is a locally common species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
It is persecuted by the local population because it is venomous. When fields are being cleared there are a lot of individuals killed.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It is protected by Mexican law under the category Pr (Special Protection). Its range includes a few protected areas.
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Wikipedia

Porthidium yucatanicum

Common names: Yucatán hognosed pitviper.[2]

Porthidium yucatanicum is a venomous pitviper species found in Mexico. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]

Contents

Description

Adults are usually 35-45 cm (13¾-17¾ inches) in total length, although some specimens may exceed 55 cm (21⅝ inches). The females tend to be larger than the males. Moderately stout and terrestrial.[2]

Geographic range

Found in the northern half of the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. The type locality given is "Chichen Itza, Yucatán" [Mexico].[1]

Conservation status

This species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v3.1, 2001).[4] Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. The population trend is unknown. Year assessed: 2007.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. 2 volumes. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. 870 pp. 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.
  3. ^ "Porthidium yucatanicum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=585992. Retrieved 15 September 2007.
  4. ^ Porthidium yucatanicum at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 15 September 2007.
  5. ^ 2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1) at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 15 September 2007.

Further reading

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