Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is known from the Rio Paute drainage in the northern Cordillera Oriental, in the provinces of Azuay and Morona-Santiago, Ecuador. The area in which this species is distributed is approximately 19,793 km².
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Continent: South-America
Distribution: Ecuador (Morona-Santiago), elevation 2195–2286 m  
Type locality: Pailas, a tambo on the trail between Sevilla de Oro and Méndez, on the eastern or notheastern facing slope, Morona-Santiago, Ecuador
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Source: The Reptile Database

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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Proctoporus stigmatoral
Catalog Number: USNM 229645
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1962
Locality: Sevilla de Oro and Mendez, on trail between, between Pailas and Mirador (ca. 9-10 km airline), Morona-Santiago, Ecuador, South America
Elevation (m): 1981 to 2286
  • Paratype: Kizirian, D. A. 1996. Herpetological Monographs. 10: 135, Figure 24.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Proctoporus stigmatoral
Catalog Number: USNM 229647
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1962
Locality: Pailas, Morona-Santiago, Ecuador, South America
Elevation (m): 2195 to 2195
  • Paratype: Kizirian, D. A. 1996. Herpetological Monographs. 10: 135, Figure 24.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Holotype for Proctoporus stigmatoral
Catalog Number: USNM 229646
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1962
Locality: Pailas, Morona-Santiago, Ecuador, South America
Elevation (m): 2195 to 2195
  • Holotype: Kizirian, D. A. 1996. Herpetological Monographs. 10: 135, Figure 24.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is known from moist montane tropical forest.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Cisneros-Heredia, D.F.

Reviewer/s
Böhm, M., Collen, B. & Ram, M. (Sampled Red List Index Coordinating Team)

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.

Justification
Riama stigmatoral has been assessed as Vulnerable because its estimated extent of occurrence is approximately 19,800 km², all individuals are thought to occur in less than ten locations, and there is a continuing decline in the quality of its habitat due to high rates of deforestation, and urban and agricultural expansion. Conservation measures are required to reduce the rate of habitat degradation and loss currently occurring within the range of this species, and population monitoring is also recommended.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Habitat loss and degradation, as a result of urban and agricultural expansion, and logging pose a major threat to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. Conservation measures should be taken to reduce the rate of deforestation occurring in the region, such as the creation and management of protected areas. Further research and monitoring of the population numbers and habitat status of this species is needed.
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