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Continent: Europe
Distribution: NW Turkey  
Type locality: ca. 60 km N Adapazari, Turkey.
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© Peter Uetz

Source: The Reptile Database


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Vipera barani

Common names: Baran's adder,[2] Turkish viper.[3]

Vipera barani is a venomous viper species endemic to Turkey. No subspecies are currently recognized.[4]


The specific name, barani, is in honor of Turkish herpetologist İbrahim Baran.[5]


It is a stoutly built species. Adult females are reported to reach a maximum total length (body + tail) of 60 cm (24 in). Adult males are shorter with a maximum total length of 54.5 cm (21.5 in).[2]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in northwestern Turkey.

The type locality is listed as "ca. 60 km N Adapazari, Türkei" (= Adapazari, Turkey).[1]

Conservation status[edit]

This species is listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. ^ Vipera barani at the Reptile Database. Accessed 21 November 2007.
  4. ^ "Vipera barani". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 15 August 2006. 
  5. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 312 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Vipera barani, p. 16.)
  6. ^ Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Appendix II at Council of Europe. Accessed 9 October 2006.

Further reading[edit]

  • Böhme W, Joger U. 1984. Eine neue Art des Vipera berus-Komplexes aus der Türkei. Amphibia-Reptilia 4 [1983] (2-4): 265-271.
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