You are viewing this Taxon as classified by:

Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is known from northeastern coastal areas of Turkey, and has also been recorded from two localities in northwestern coastal Turkey. It is found from sea level up to around 2,000m asl.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Continent: Europe
Distribution: NW Turkey  
Type locality: ca. 60 km N Adapazari, Turkey.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Peter Uetz

Source: The Reptile Database

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found in rocky areas, in hills, with bush, scrubland and oak forest. It is a ovoviviparous species.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
Varol Tok, Ishmail Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Wolfgang Böhme, Pierre-André Crochet, Ulrich Joger, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu

Reviewer/s
Neil Cox and Helen Temple

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is in significant decline (but at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because it is being over-harvested for the international pet trade, making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable. Development of its habitat and persecution are also major threats. Monitoring and protection efforts are necessary to prevent this species from becoming threatened.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
It is a very rare species (Avci, pers. comm. 2008).

Population Trend
Decreasing
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
It is collected by specimen hunters as well as for the international pet trade, and the level of harvest is probably unsustainable. It is persecuted by the local people as it is seen as potentially dangerous. There is also significant development for tourism along the coast where this species is found.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention. It is found in a few protected areas in the north east Black Sea region.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Vipera barani

Common names: Baran's adder,[2] Turkish viper.[3]

Vipera barani is a venomous viper species endemic to Turkey. No subspecies are currently recognized.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, barani, is in honor of Turkish herpetologist İbrahim Baran.[5]

Description[edit]

It is a stoutly built species. Adult females are reported to reach a maximum total length (body + tail) of 60 cm (24 in). Adult males are shorter with a maximum total length of 54.5 cm (21.5 in).[2]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in northwestern Turkey.

The type locality is listed as "ca. 60 km N Adapazari, Türkei" (= Adapazari, Turkey).[1]

Conservation status[edit]

This species is listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. ^ Vipera barani at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 21 November 2007.
  4. ^ "Vipera barani". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 15 August 2006. 
  5. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 312 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Vipera barani, p. 16.)
  6. ^ Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Appendix II at Council of Europe. Accessed 9 October 2006.

Further reading[edit]

  • Böhme W, Joger U. 1984. Eine neue Art des Vipera berus-Komplexes aus der Türkei. Amphibia-Reptilia 4 [1983] (2-4): 265-271.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!