Distribution: Spain (dunes of Coto Doñana, south of Andalusia, more than 400 km south of the Sistema Central range (Magraner, 1986); this was often refuted (Peréz-Mellado, 1997, 1998; Barbadillo et al., 1999); mountains to the Sistema Central and along the Atlantic lowlands (Sá-Sousa 1999, 2000). berlengensis: Berlengas islands off the western coast of Portugal (Vicente, 1985);
Type locality: Berlenga Island, Portugal.
Type locality: Laguna de San Marco, La Alberca, Prov. Salamanca, Spain.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2006Endangered(IUCN 2006)
This lizard reaches a total length (including tail) of 20 cm (8 in), and feeds primarily on small invertebrates such as insects, arachnids, and snails. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and sandy shores. Habitat loss threatens its survival.
Carbonell's wall lizard grows to a snout-to-vent length of 6.5 cm (2.6 in) with a tail about twice as long. Females tend to be slightly larger than males in some localities. The dorsal surface is usually grey or brown, but is sometimes green (especially so in males), copiously speckled with rows of dark markings. The flanks may also be somewhat greenish with reticulated, dark markings. The underparts are whitish and there are often small blue spots along the edge of the belly. Carbonell's wall lizard much resembles the closely related Bocage's wall lizard, but that species tends to have more clearly defined markings and a yellow, orange or pink belly, and lacks the blue spots.
Distribution and habitat
Carbonell's wall lizard is endemic to Portugal and Spain. Its range consists of a number of isolated populations in western and central Portugal, another in Coto Doñana in southwestern Spain and a separate subspecies is present on the Berlenga Islands off the coast of Portugal. Some of the populations are in hills at altitudes of over 500 m (1,640 ft), where the lizard occurs in oak woodland and scrub, and others are in sand dunes near the coast.
Carbonell's wall lizard is often seen on dry banks where it may be present in large numbers. It takes refuge in cracks and among tree roots. It feeds mainly on arthropods but, particularly on the Berlenga Islands, also consumes snails. In central Portugal there is usually one clutch of two eggs each year, but in the Berlengas, several clutches of up to four eggs are laid. These take ten to fifteen weeks to hatch.
Carbonell's wall lizard has a number of isolated populations and its total geographic range is less than 5,000 square kilometres (1,900 sq mi). It lives in oak woodland and although some populations are in protected areas, others are subject to habitat degradation. Although it is common in some suitable habitats, in general the population is thought to be declining and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed it as being an "endangered species".
- Paulo Sá-Sousa, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Iñigo Martínez-Solano (2009). "Podarcis carbonelli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2014-09-18.
- Lagartija de Carbonell p. 164
- Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Podarcis carbonelli, p. 47).
- Arnold, E. Nicholas; Ovenden, Denys W. (2002). Field Guide: Reptiles & Amphibians of Britain & Europe. Collins & Co. p. 153. ISBN 9780002199643.
- Pérez-Mellado V. 1981. "Nuevos datos sobre la sistemática y distribucion de Podarcis bocagei (Seoane, 1884) (Sauria, Lacertidae) en la Península Ibérica". Amphibia-Reptilia 2: 259-265. (Podarcis bocagei carbonelli, new subspecies). (in Spanish).
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