Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Size: large shearwaters. Bills narrow, robust and well-hooked; always pale-coloured with nasal tubes prominent with apertures directed forward. Dark legs. Tail rounded. <388>
  • Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban & K. Newman (1982). The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2740 specimens in 6 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2605 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
  Temperature range (°C): -1.621 - 20.752
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.071 - 30.285
  Salinity (PPS): 30.822 - 35.585
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.212 - 8.188
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.227 - 2.135
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.610 - 65.125

Graphical representation

Temperature range (°C): -1.621 - 20.752

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.071 - 30.285

Salinity (PPS): 30.822 - 35.585

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.212 - 8.188

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.227 - 2.135

Silicate (umol/l): 1.610 - 65.125
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:33
Specimens with Sequences:31
Specimens with Barcodes:31
Species:4
Species With Barcodes:4
Public Records:3
Public Species:2
Public BINs:2
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Procellaria

Procellaria is a genus of southern ocean long-winged seabirds related to prions, and a member of the order Procellariiformes.

Taxonomy[edit]

Procellaria is a member of the family Procellariidae and the order Procellariiformes. As members of Procellariiformes, they share certain characteristics. First they have tubular nostrils called naricorns. This feature gives them their common name, tubenoses. The opening to the nostril is located differently in some birds. These birds have the opening on top of the upper bill. Second, they produce a stomach oil that contains wax esters and triglycerides. This oil fills two functions. When predators threaten the birds or their chick or egg, they spit the substance on them. This substance has an awful smell, and mats the feathers down, degrading their usefulness. Also, they can digest the wax esters for a high energy source of food, during long flights or the period of time that they are incubating their egg or caring for their young. They also have a uniquely structured bill, with seven to nine distinct horny plates.[1] Finally, they have a salt gland that is located above their nasal passages and helps desalinate their body, as they drink seawater. They excrete the salty waste out their nose.[2]

Species[edit]

There are five species, and all five species are named petrel, although they were thought to be more closely related to the shearwaters and current research places them closer to the prions.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

Procellaria comes from two Latin words, procella meaning "a storm" and arius a suffix meaning "pertaining to". This is in reference to their association with stormy weather. The word petrel is derived from St. Peter and the story of his walking on water. This is in reference to the petrel's habit of appearing to run on the water to take off.[5]

Range and habitat[edit]

They range from the cold waters of the Southern Ocean to temperate waters, and are pelagic except during the breeding season.

Behaviour[edit]

These tubenoses fly like shearwaters, with stiff wings and shearing technique across wave fronts. This technique saves energy.[6] During breeding season they utilize coastal cliffs on islands, laying their single egg in a burrow.

Conservation[edit]

Of the five species, four of them are listed as vulnerable and the last is near threatened.[7]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Double, M. C. (2003)
  2. ^ Ehrlich, Paul R. (1988)
  3. ^ a b c d e Clements, James (2007)
  4. ^ ZipCode Zoo (19 Jun 2009(a))
  5. ^ Gotch, A. T. (1995)
  6. ^ ZipCode Zoo (19 Jun 2009)
  7. ^ BirdLife International (2009)

References[edit]

  • BirdLife International (2009). "Search for Procellariiformes". Data Zone. Retrieved 17 Jul 2009. 
  • Clements, James (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World (6 ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-4501-9. 
  • Double, M. C. (2003). "Procellariiformes (Tubenosed Seabirds)". In Hutchins, Michael; Jackson, Jerome A.; Bock, Walter J. et al. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins. Joseph E. Trumpey, Chief Scientific Illustrator (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 107–111. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. 
  • Ehrlich, Paul R.; Dobkin, David, S.; Wheye, Darryl (1988). The Birders Handbook (First ed.). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. pp. 29–31. ISBN 0-671-65989-8. 
  • Gotch, A. F. (1995) [1979]. "Albatrosses, Fulmars, Shearwaters, and Petrels". Latin Names Explained A Guide to the Scientific Classifications of Reptiles, Birds & Mammals. New York, NY: Facts on File. pp. 191–192. ISBN 0-8160-3377-3. 
  • Harrison, Peter (1996). Seabirds of the World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-01551-1. 
  • ZipCode Zoo (19 Jun 2009). "Procellaria (Genus)". BayScience Foundation. Retrieved 26 Jul 2009. 
  • ZipCode Zoo (19 Jun 2009(a)). "Procellaria conspicillata (Spectacled Petrel)". BayScience Foundation. Retrieved 22 Jul 2009. 
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!