*Adult bee louse (Braula):
-body structure: rounded, six legged, comb like feet (for holding onto bee hairs), covered in setae, wingless (aptera), eyeless
-coloration: reddish brown
-size: 1.5 millimeters in length and 0.75 millimeters in width
-home: live “clinged” on bees (with help from bristle/comb like feet), usually one braula per bee and there may be more than one on queen bees
-source of food: Braula feed on honey which is sucked from a bee’s mouth during regurgitation of the honey into comb cells, with the help of the Braulid’s own sucking mouth organ
*Braula have been found in:
-Mediterranean (France, Italy, Germany)
-South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Brazil, Argentina)
-Other countries include Holland, Nepal, South Africa (anywhere honeybees may be found!)
-It’s rare to find Braula in places of cold weather like Russia, Canada, Alaska etc.
Life History and Behavior
*life stage 1 egg:
-eggs are found on the inner side of cappings, and occasionally on cell walls.
*Instar stage 2 larvae: 7.1 to 10.8 days
-while larvae will feed on the honeycomb wax (as well as pollen grains), they construct tunnels throughout the honeycomb wax, making this their home until pupation.
*Instar stage 2 pupa: 1 to 2.7 days
-pupation takes place at the ends of larval tunnels until the braulids have emerged as full adults, soon to make their exit through a hole out onto the surface of the honeycomb
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