Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description of Bacillaceae

A family of typically rod-shaped usually gram-positive bacteria that produce endospores
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Bacillaceae

Bacillaceae is a family of Gram-positive, heterotrophic, rod-shaped bacteria that may produce endospores.[1] Motile members of this family are characterized by peritrichous flagellae. Some Bacillaceae are aerobic, while others are facultative or strict anaerobes. Most are non-pathogenic, but Bacillus species are known to cause disease in humans.

Gram-variable cell wall

Some Bacillaceae, such as the genera Filobacillus, Lentibacillus and Halobacillus, stain Gram-negative or Gram-variable, but are known to have a Gram-positive cell wall.[2]

Nomenclature

Genera within this family are sometimes colloquially identified as bacilli. However, this term is a misnomer because it does not distinguish between class Bacilli, order Bacillales, family Bacillaceae and genus Bacillus.

References

  1. ^ Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (2 ed.), Volume 3. 2008. The low G + C Gram-positive Bacteria. Editors: De Vos, P., Garrity, G., Jones, D., Krieg, N.R., Ludwig, W., Rainey, F.A., Schleifer, K.-H. and W.B. Whitman. ISBN 0-387-95041-9
  2. ^ Lim, J.M., Jeon, C.O., Song, S.M., and C.J. Kim. 2005. Pontibacillus chungwhensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a moderately halophilic Gram-positive bacterium from a solar saltern in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55:165-170.


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