The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 2006. "Charles Darwin Reseach Station Fact Sheet: Goats in Galapagos" (On-line). Charles Darwin Foundation. Accessed February 16, 2009 at http://www.darwinfoundation.org/files/species/pdf/goats-en.pdf.
  • 2007. "Brucellosis" (On-line). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed March 11, 2009 at http://www.cdc.gov/NCIDOD/DBMD/DISEASEINFO/brucellosis_g.htm.
  • 2008. "BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, or Mad Cow Disease)" (On-line). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed March 11, 2009 at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/bse/.
  • 2008. "Bovine Tuberculosis" (On-line). Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Accessed February 16, 2009 at http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,1607,7-153-10319-99064--,00.html.
  • 2009. "National Cattlemen's Beef Association" (On-line). Accessed February 13, 2009 at http://beefusa.org/.
  • Alder, P., R. Estes, D. Schlitter, B. McBride. 1995. National Audubon Society Field Guide to African Wildlife. New York: Chanticleer Press.
  • Allard, M. W., M. M. Miyamoto, L. Jarecki, F. Kraus, and M. R. Tennant. 1992. DNA systematics and evolution of the artiodactyl family Bovidae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 89:3972-3976.
  • Allard, M., M. Miyamoto, L. Jarecki, F. Kraus, M. Tennant. 1992. DNA systematics and evolution of the artiodactyl family Bovidae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 89: 3972-3976.
  • Auffenberg, W. 1981. The Behavioral Ecology of the Komodo Monitor. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Bates, D. 2005. Human Adaptive Strategies: Ecology, Culture, and Politics (Third Edition). Boston, MA: Pearson, Allyn, and Bacon.
  • Buchholtz, C., H. Sambraus. 1990. Bovids: Cattle. Pp. 406-407 in S Parker, ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, Vol. 5, 1 Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • CITES, 2010. "Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Wildlife Fauna and Flora" (On-line). CITES species database. Accessed April 12, 2011 at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/species.html.
  • Carbyn, L., T. Trotter. 1988. Descriptions of Wolf Attacks on Bison Calves in Wood Buffalo National Park. Arctic, 41: 297-302.
  • Chaves, R., H. Guedes-Pinto, and J. S. Heslop-Harrison. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and the primitive X chromosome inferred from chromosomal and satellite DNA analysis in Bovidae. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 272:2009-2016.
  • Colby, C. 1966. Wild Deer. New York, NY: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce.
  • Dagg, A., J. Foster. 1976. The Giraffe: Its Biology, Behavior, and Ecology. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold and Company.
  • Danell, K., R. Bergstrom, P. Duncan, J. Pastor. 2006. Large Herbivore Ecology, Ecosystem Dynamics and Conservation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Darling, F. 1937. A Herd of Red Deer: A Study in Animal Behavior.. London: Oxford University Press.
  • Escalante, A., F. Ayala. 1995. Evolutionary origin of Plasmodium and other Apicomplexa based on rRNA. Proceedings from the National Academy of Science, 92: 5793-5797.
  • Essop, M. F., E. H. Harley, and I. Baumgarten. 1997. A molecular phylogeny of some Bovidae based on restriction-site mapping of mitochondrial DNA. Journal of Mammalogy 78:377-386.
  • Estes, R. 1991. The behavior guide to African mammals: including hoofed mammals, carnivores, primates. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  • Ezenwa, V., A. Jolles. 2008. Horns Honestly Advertise Parasite Infection in Male and Female African Buffalo. Animal Behavior, 75: 2073-2021.
  • Feldhamer, G., L. Drickamer, S. Vessey, J. Merritt, C. Krajewski. 2007. Mammalogy: Adaptation, Diversity, Ecology. Baltimore,MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Fernández, M. H. and E. S. Vrba. 2005. A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species-level supertree of the extant ruminants. Biological Reviews 80(2):269-302.
  • Fowler, M., R. Miller. 2003. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. St. Louis: Saunders.
  • Frey, R., A. Gebler, G. Fritsch. 2006. Arctic Roars: Laryngeal Anatomy and Vocalization of the Muskok (Ovibus moschatus Zimmermann, 1780 Bovidae). Journal of Zoology, 268: 433-438.
  • Frey, R., I. Volodin, E. Volodina. 2007. A Nose That Roars: Anatomical Specializations and Behavioral Features of Rutting Male Saiga. Journal of Anatomy, 211: 717-736.
  • Gatesy, J. and P. Arctander. 2000. Hidden morphological support for the phylogenetic placement of Pseudoryx nghetinhensis with bovine bovids: a combined analysis of gross anatomical evidence and DNA sequences from five genes. Systematic Biology 49:515-538.
  • Gatesy, J., D. Yelon, R. Desalle, and E. S. Vrba. 1992. Phylogeny of the Bovidae (Artiodactyla, Mammalia), based on mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Molecular Biology and Evolution 9:433-446.
  • Gatesy, J., G. Amato, E. S. Vrba, G. Schaller, and R. Desalle. 1997. A cladistic analysis of mitochondrial ribosomal DNA from the Bovidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7:303-319.
  • Gentry, A. 2011. Bovidae. Pp. 363-465 in T Harrison, ed. Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context. Volume 2: Fossil Hominins and the Associated Fauna. New York, NY: Springer.
  • Gentry, A. W. 1978. Bovidae. Pages 540-572 in Evolution of African Mammals. V. J. Maglio and H. B. S. Cooke, eds. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
  • Gentry, A. W. 1990. Evolution and dispersal of African Bovidae. Pages 195-227 in Horns, Pronghorns, and Antlers. G. A. Bubenik and A. B. Bubenik, eds. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Gentry, A. W. 1992. The subfamilies and tribes of the family Bovidae. Mammal Review 22:1-32.
  • Gentry, A. W. 2000. Caprinae and Hippotragini (Bovidae, Mammalia) in the Upper Miocene. Pages 65-83 in Antelopes, Deer, and Relatives. E. S. Vrba and G. B. Schaller, eds. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • Gould, B. 2009. "Understanding Dairy Markets" (On-line). Accessed February 13, 2009 at http://future.aae.wisc.edu/.
  • Grange, S., P. Duncan. 2006. Bottom-up and Top-down Processes in African Ungulate Communities: resources and Predation Acting on the Relative Abundance of Zebras and Grazing Bovids. Ecography, 29: 899-907.
  • Groves, C., & Grubb P. (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy.
  • Groves, C.P. and P. Grubb. 2011. Ungulate Taxonomy. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Groves, C.P., and D.M. Leslie, Jr. 2011. Family Bovidae (Hollow-horned Ruminants). Pp. 444-571. in: Wilson, D.E. & Mittermeier, R.A., eds. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Volume 2. Hoofed Mammals. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • Grubb, P. 2001. Review of family-group names of living bovids. Journal of Mammalogy 82:374-388.
  • Grzimek, B. 1990. Artiodactyla. Pp. 1-639 in S Parker, ed. Grzimek’s Encyclopedia of Mammals, Vol. 5, 1st Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Harris, J. M. 2003. Bovidae from the Lothagan sucession. Pages 531-579 in Lothagam: the Dawn of Humanity in Eastern Africa. M. G. Leakey and J. M. Harris, eds. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Hassanin, A. and E. J. P. Douzery. 1999. Evolutionary affinities of the enigmatic saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis) in the context of the molecular phylogeny of Bovidae. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 266:893-900.
  • Hassanin, A. and E. J. P. Douzery. 1999. The tribal radiation of the family Bovidae (Artiodactyla) and the evolution of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 13:227-243.
  • Huffman, B. 2011. "Ultimate Ungulate" (On-line). Accessed April 04, 2011 at http://www.ultimateungulate.com/index.html.
  • IUCN, 2010. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species" (On-line). Mammals. Accessed April 12, 2011 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/initiatives/mammals.
  • Jacoby, C. P. and C. G. Fonseca. 2000. Linguistic analysis in phylogeny estimation: a case study of mtDNAs of Bovidae. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 17:1047-1055.
  • Janis, C., K. Scott. 1987. The interrelationships of higher ruminant families with special emphasis on the members of the Cervoidea. American Museum Novitates, 2893: 1-85.
  • Kingdon, J. 1982. East African Mammals: Part C. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Kingdon, J. 1982. East African Mammals: Part D. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Krebs, J., N. Davies. 1997. Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Australia: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Kutz, S., E. Hoberg, L. Polley, E. Jenkins. 2005. Global warming is changing the dynamics of Arctic host–parasite systems. Proceedings from the Royal Society B, 272/1581: 2571-2576.
  • Lalueza-Fox, C., B. Shapiro, P. Bover, J. A. Alcover, and J. Bertranpetit. 2002. Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the extinct bovid Myotragus balearicus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25:501-510.
  • Lundrigan, B. 1996. Morphology of horns and fighting behavior in the family Bovidae. Journal of Mammalogy 77:462-475.
  • Mallon, D. 2010. "Caprinae (Sheep, goats, and relatives)" (On-line). Grzimek's Animal Life. Accessed April 05, 2011 at http://animals.galegroup.com/web/grzimeks/animals/Caprinae?searchTerms=Caprinae.
  • Marty, J. 2005. Effects of Cattle Grazing on Diversity in Ephemeral Wetlands. Conservation Biology, 19: 1626-1632.
  • Matthee, C. A. and S. K. Davis. 2001. Molecular insights into the evolution of the family Bovidae: a nuclear DNA perspective. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18:1220-1230.
  • Matthee, C. A. and T. J. Robinson. 1999. Cytochrome b phylogeny of the family bovidae: resolution within the Alcelaphini, Antilopini, Neotragini, and Tragelaphini. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12:31-46.
  • McKenna, M. C. and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Morales, J., D. Soria, and M. Pickford. 1995. On the origins of the family bovidae (Artiodactyla, Mammalia). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II A 321(12):1211-1217.
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Walker’s Mammals of the World. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Post, E., M. Forchhammer. 2008. Climate change reduces reproductive success of an Arctic herbivore through trophic mismatch.. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 363: 2367-2373.
  • Prins, H. 1996. Ecology and Behaviour of the African Buffalo. Great Britain: Chapman and Hall.
  • Rasmussen, G. 1999. Livestock Predation by the Painted Hunting Dog, Lycaon pictus, in a Cattle Ranching Region of Zimbabwe: a Case Study. Biological Conservation, 88: 133-139.
  • Ray, J., K. Redford, R. Steneck, J. Berger. 2005. Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity. Washington D. C.: Island Press.
  • Rhodes, R. 1997. Deadly Feasts: The "Prion" Controversy and the Public's Health. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks.
  • Scheel, D. 1993. Profitability, Encounter Rates and Prey Choice of African Lions. Behavioral Ecology, 4: 90-97.
  • Scott, J. 1988. The Great Migration.. London: Elm Tree Books.
  • Shackleton, D., A. Harested. 2010. "Bovidae (Antelopes, cattle, bison, buffaloes, goats, and sheep)" (On-line). Grzimek's Animal Life. Accessed April 04, 2011 at http://animals.galegroup.com.
  • Shackleton, D., A. Harested. 2010. "Bovinae (Kudus, Buffaloes, and Bison)" (On-line). Grzimek's Animal Life. Accessed April 04, 2011 at http://animals.galegroup.com.
  • Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.
  • Toigo, C., J. Gaillard. 2003. Causes of sex-biased adult survival in ungulates: sexual-size dimorphism, mating tactic or environment harshness?. Oikos, 101/2: 376-384.
  • Van Soest, P. 1994. Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant, Second Edition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Vaughn, T., J. Ryan, N. Czaplewski. 2000. Mammalogy. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders College Publishing.
  • Vrba, E. S. 1995. The fossil record of African antelopes (Mammalia, Bovidae) in relation to human evolution and palaeoclimate. Pages 385-424 in Paleoclimate and Evolution: With Emphasis on Human Origins. E. S. Vrba, G. H. Denton, T. C. Partridge and L. H. Burkle), eds. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • Vrba, E. S. and G. B. Schaller, eds. 2000. Antelopes, Deer, and Relatives. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • Walther, F. 1990. Bovids. Pp. 288-324, 338-339, 354-355, 432-433, 444-445, 460-461, 482-483 in S Parker, ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, Vol. 5, 1 Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • Whitaker, J., W. Hamilton. 1998. Mammals of the Eastern United States. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Yeon, S., J. Jeon, K. Houpt, H. Chang, H. Lee. 2006. Acoustic Features of Vocalizations of Korean Native Cows (Bos taurus coreanca) in Two Different Conditions. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 101: 1-9.

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!