The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Boisserie, J. R. and T. D. White. 2004. A new species of Pliocene Hippopotamidae from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24(2): 464-473.
  • Boisserie, J. R., F. Lihoreau, and M. Brunet. 2005. Origins of Hippopotamidae (Mammalia, Cetartiodactyla): towards resolution. Zoologica Scripta 34(2):119-143.
  • Boisserie, J. R. 2005. The phylogeny and taxonomy of Hippopotamidae (Mammalia: Artiodactyla): a review based on morphology and cladistic analysis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 143(1):1-26.
  • Corbet, G. B. 1969. The taxonomic status of the Pygmy hippopotamus, Choeropsis liberiensis, from the Niger Delta. Journal of Zoology 158: 387-394.
  • Coryndon, S. C. 1978. Hippopotamidae. Pages 483-495 in: Evolution of African Mammals. V. J. Maglio and H. B. S. Cooke, eds. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Eltringham, S. K. 1999. The Hippos. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Harrison, T. 1997. The anatomy, paleobiology, and phylogenetic relationships of the Hippopotamidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the Manonga Valley, Tanzania. Pages 137-190 in: Neogene Paleontology of the Manonga Valley, Tanzania. T. Harrison, ed. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Petronio, C. 1995. Note on the taxonomy of Pleistocene hippopotamuses. Ibex 3:53-55.
  • Stuenes, S. 1989. Taxonomy, habits, and relationships of the subfossil Madagascan Hippopotami Hippopotamus lemerlei and H. madagascariensis. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 9(3):241-268.
  • Thewissen, J. G. M., E. M. Williams, L. J. Roe and S. T. Hussain. 2001. Skeletons of terrestrial cetaceans and the relationship of whales to artiodactyls. Nature 413:277-281.
  • Weston, E. M. 2000. A new species of Hippopotamus Hexaprotodon lothagamensis (Mammalia: Hippopotamidae) from the late Miocene of Kenya. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20(1):177-185.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!