Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

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Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
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Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
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AnAge database Family
Anage Data Family
Animal Diversity Web Descriptions Family
Animal Diversity Web Descriptions
AskNature Family
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
BOLDS images II Family
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa Family
Conabio Family
EOL Metrics Family
  • Molossidae
EOL hotlist Scratchpad Family
  • Molossidae
Environments Family
  • Molossidae
GBIF Elevation Data Family
Global Biotic Interactions Family
IABIN resource Family
INBio resource Family
IUCN Red List Family
IUCN Red List
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Family Import
Initial Tree of Life web Import
  • Molossidae
Monthly ARKive text import Family
Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Family
Lovegrove 2014 Family
MCZ resource Family
Mammal life history Family
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012 Mammalia Family
Mammals Resource Family
NCBI Taxonomy
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NatureServe resource Family
North American Mammals Resource Family
NCBI, GGBN, GBIF, BHL, BOLDS data coverage Family
  • Molossidae
Paleobiology Database
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South African Vertebrates
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India Biodiversity Portal Species Data Family
IUCN Structured Data Family
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012
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Tree of Life web project
  • Molossidae
Wikimedia Commons Family
Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons Genus
Wikipedia Family
iNaturalist Images Family
iSpot southern Africa Family


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