The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Barkley, L. J. 1984. Evolutionary relationships and natural history of Tomopeas ravus (Mammalia: Chiroptera). Masters thesis, Lousiana States University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • Freeman, P. W. 1981. A multivariate study of the family Molossidae (Mammalia, Chiroptera): morphology, ecology, evolution. Fieldiana Zoology, 7: 173 pp.
  • Hand, S. J. First tertiary molossid (Microchiroptera: Molossidae) from Australia: its phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. Mem. Queensland. Museum, 28:175-192.
  • Hill, J.E., and J.D. Smith. 1984. Bats: a natural history. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1983. Order Chiroptera. In Mammal species of the world, a taxonomic and geographic reference, 2nd ed. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder. Washinton, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Legendre, S. 1984. Etude odontologique des representants actuels du group Tadarida (Chiroptera, Molossidae). Implications phylogenetques, systematiques et zoogeographiques. Revue de Suisse Zoology, 91:99-442.
  • Legendre, S. 1985. Molossides (Mammalia, Chiroptera) cenezoiques de l'Ancien et du Nouveau Monde; statut systematique; integration phylogenique des donnees. N. Jahrb. Geol. Palaont. Abh., 170: 205-227.
  • Simmons, N. B. & J. H. Geisler. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of Icaronycteris, Archeonycteris, Hassianycteris, and Palaeochiropteryx to extant bat lineages, with comments on the evolution of echolocation and foraging strategies in microchiroptera. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 235:1-182.
  • Simmons, N. B. 1998. A reappraisal of interfamilial relationships of bats. In Bats: Phylogeny, Morphology, Echolocation and Conservation Biology. T.H. Kunz and P.A. Racey (eds.). Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Simmons, Nancy B. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Chiroptera. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 312-529
  • Sudman, P. D., L. J. Barkley, and M. S. Hafer, 1994. Familial affinity of Tompoeas ravus (Chiroptera) based on protein electophoretic and cytochrome B sequence data. Journal of Mammalogy 75:365-377.
  • Teeling, Emma C., Mark S. Springer, Ole Madsen, Paul Bates, Stephen O'Brien, and William J. Murphy. 2005. A molecular phylogeny for bats illuminates biogeography and the fossil record. Science, vol. 307, no. 5709. 580-584
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207


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