The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1990. Armadillos. Pp. 612-627 in S Parker, ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, Vol. 2, 1st Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
  • 2003. Armadillos (Dasypodidae). Pp. 181-186 in M Hutchins, D Kleiman, V Geist, M McDade, eds. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, Vol. 12-16, 2nd Edition. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Thomson Gale.
  • 2005. Checklist of Mammal Names. Pp. 8-9 in D Wilson, D Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Vol. 2, 142. United States: Johns Hopkins University Press. Accessed January 01, 2013 at
  • 2009. "Encyclopædia Britannica" (On-line). Armadillo. Accessed January 01, 2013 at
  • Anderson, S., J. Jones Jr.. 1984. Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of the World. New York: Wiley-Interscience; John Wiley & Sons.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Barlow, J. 1984. Xenarthrans and pholidotes. Pp. 219-239 in S Anderson, J Jones, Jr., eds. Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of the World. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Burton, M., R. Burton. 1969. Armadillo. Pp. 85-87 in International Wildlife Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, 3rd Edition. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation. Accessed February 12, 2009 at,M1.
  • Cetica, P., H. Aldana Marcos, M. Merani. 2005. Morphology of female genital tracts in Dasypodidae (Xenarthra,. Zoomorphology, 124: 57-65. Accessed February 17, 2009 at
  • Cuellar, E., D. Merritt, G. Porini. 2008. "Priodontes maximus" (On-line). IUCN Red List. Accessed February 15, 2009 at
  • Delsuc, F., M. Superina, M.-K. Tilak, E.J.P. Douzery, and A. Hassanin. 2012. Molecular phylogenetics unveils the ancient evolutionary origins of the enigmatic fairy armadillos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 673-680.
  • Diniz, L., E. Costa, P. Oliveira. 1997. "NCBI Pubmed" (On-line). Clinical disorders in Armadillos (Dasypodidae, Edentata) in capitivity. Accessed February 16, 2009 at
  • Emmons, L.H. 1990. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Feldhamer, G., B. Thompson, J. Chapman. 2003. Wild Animals of North America: Biology, Management & Conservation. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins Press.
  • Feldhamer, G., L. Drickamer, S. Vessey, J. Merritt, C. Krajewski. 2007. Mammalogy: Adaptation, Diversity, Ecology. United States: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
  • Hayssen, V., A. Teinhoven, A. Teinhoven, S. Asdell. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-specific Data. United States: Cornell University Press. Accessed February 17, 2009 at,M1.
  • Loughry, W.J., P.A. Prodohl,C.M. McDonough,et al. 1998. Polyembryony in armadillos. American Scientist 86(3): 274-279.
  • Loughry, W.J., R.W. Truman, C.M. McDonough, M.-K. Tilak, S. Garnier, and F. Delsuc. 2009. Is leprosy spreading among Nine-banded Armadillos in the southeastern United States? Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45(1): 144-152.
  • MacDonald, D. 1987. Armadillos. Pp. 780-783 in The Encyclopedia of Mammals, 2 Edition. New York: Facts on File Publications.
  • McBee, K., R. Baker. 1982. Dasypus novemcinctus. Mammalian Species, 162: 1-9. Accessed February 27, 2009 at
  • Net Industries. 2009. "Animal Life Resource" (On-line). Armadillos: Dasypodidae: Conservation Status. Accessed February 15, 2009 at
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Pp. 158-168 in Walker's Mammals of the World, Vol. 1, 6th Edition. Baltimore, Maryland and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Nowak, R.M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th edition. Volume 1. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Paradiso, J. 1975. Walker's Mammals of the World, Third Edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Prodohl, P.A., W.J. Loughry, C.M. McDonough, et al. 1996. Molecular documentation of polyembryony and the micro-spatial dispersion of clonal sibships in the nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 263(1377): 1643-1649.
  • Reid, F. 1997. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. New York: Oxford University Press. Accessed February 13, 2009 at,M1.
  • Savage, R., M. Long. 1986. Mammal Evolution, an Illustrated Guide. New York: Facts of File Publications.
  • Schaefer, J., M. Hostetler. 2008. "University of Florida IFAS Extension" (On-line). The Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus Novemcinctus). Accessed February 16, 2009 at
  • Sebeok, T. 1968. Animal Communication. Bloomington, London: Indiana University Press.
  • Storrs, E., G. Walsh, H. Burchfield, C. Binford. 1974. Leprosy in the Armadillo: New Model for Biomedical Research. Science, 183, no. 4127: 851-852. Accessed February 15, 2009 at
  • Talmage, R., G. Buchanan. 1954. The Armadillo: A Review of Its Natural History, Ecology, Anatomy and Reproductive Physiology. Pp. 1-12 in The Rice Institute Pamphlet, Vol. 41, 1st Edition. Houston, Texas: The Rice Institute.
  • The Book Division National Geographic Society. 1998. Wild Animals of North America. Washington, D.C.: The National Geographic Society.
  • Truman, R.W., P. Singh, and R. Sharma. 2011. Probable zoonotic leprosy in the southern United States. New England Journal of Medicine 364 (17): 1626-1633.
  • Vaughan, T. 1986. Mammalogy. Third Edition. Fort Worth: Saunders College Publishing.
  • Vaughan, T., J. Ryan, N. Czaplewski. 2000. Mammalogy, Fourth Edition. United States: Thomson Learning.
  • Vizcaino, S., N. Milne. 2005. Structure and function in armadillo limbs (Mammalia:. Journal of Zoology, 257, 1: 117-127. Accessed February 17, 2009 at
  • Whitman, A. 2006. "Tree of Life Web Project" (On-line). The Armadillo's Story. Accessed February 15, 2009 at
  • Wilson, D., D. Reeder. 1993. Mammal Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Wilson, D., S. Ruff. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press in association with the American Society of Mammologists.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


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