Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
|Specimen Records:||99||Public Records:||12|
|Specimens with Sequences:||86||Public Species:||4|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||86||Public BINs:||6|
|Species With Barcodes:||21|
The Cisticolidae family of small passerine birds is a group of about 110 warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are often included within the Old World warbler family Sylviidae.
This family probably originated in Africa, which has the majority of species, but there are representatives of the family across tropical Asia into Australasia, and one species, the Zitting Cisticola, even breeds in Europe.
These are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. They are often difficult to see and many species are similar in appearance, so the song is often the best identification guide.
These are insectivorous birds which nest low in vegetation.
Species list in taxonomic order
Based on Del Hoyo et al. (2006)
- Genus Neomixis - jeries (Genus basal to all other Cisticolidae)
- Genus Orthotomus, the tailorbirds (around 13 species)
- Genus Prinia, the prinias (around 23 species)
- Genus Heliolais
- Genus Cisticola, the cisticolas (around 45 species)
- Genus Incana
- Genus Scotocerca
- Genus Malcorus
- Genus Bathmocercus - rufous warblers
- Genus Scepomycter - sometimes merged into Bathmocercus
- Genus Hypergerus
- Genus Eminia
- Genus Apalis, the apalises. (Around 26 species; Genus paraphyletic)
- Genus Poliolais
- Genus Camaroptera (3-4 species)
- Genus Calamonastes
- Genus Euryptila
- Genus Artisornis
- Genus Schistolais
- Genus Urolais
- Genus Phragmacia
- Genus Oreophilais
- Genus Drymocichla
- Genus Spiloptila
- Genus Urorhipis
- Genus Phyllolais
- Genus Rhopophilus
- Genus Eremomela  (about 10 species)
- Johansson et al.: Phylogenetic relationships within Passerida (Aves: Passeriformes): A review and a new molecular phylogeny based on three nuclear intron markers In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Volume 48, Issue 3, September 2008, Pages 858-876 doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.05.029 PMID 18619860
- Alström, P., ; Ericson, P.G.P.; Olsson, U.; Sundberg, P. (2006): Phylogeny and classification of the avian superfamily Sylvioidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38: 381-397.
- Cibois, A., Slikas, B., Schulenberg, T. S., & Pasquet, E. (2001). An endemic radiation of Malagasy songbirds is revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Evolution 55 (6): 1198-1206. DOI:10.1554/0014-3820(2001)055[1198:AEROMS]2.0.CO;2 PDF fulltext
- Ryan, Peter (2006). Family Cisticolidae (Cisticolas and allies). Pp. 378–492 in del Hoyo J., Elliott A. & Christie D.A. (2006) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 11. Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers Lynx Edicions, Barcelona ISBN 978-84-96553-06-4
- Nguembock, B; Fjeldsa, J; Tillier A; Pasquet, E. (2007): A phylogeny for the Cisticolidae (Aves: Passeriformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data, and a re-interpretation of a unique nest-building specialization. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 272-286.