The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • "Atretochoana eiselti". Natural History Museum.
  • "New amphibian family found in India". CBC News. Associated Press. 21 February 2012.
  • 1. Nussbaum, Ronald A. (1998). Cogger, H.G. & Zweifel, R.G., ed. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 52–59. ISBN 0-12-178560-2.
  • 10. San Mauro, D. (2010). "A multilocus timescale for the origin of extant amphibians". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2): 554–561. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.019. PMID 20399871.
  • 11. Frost, Darrel R.; Grant, Taran; Faivovich, Julián; Bain, Raoul H.; Haas, Alexander; Haddad, Célio F.B.; De Sá, Rafael O.; Channing, Alan et al. (2006). "The Amphibian Tree of Life". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370, appendices. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2006)297[0001:TATOL]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0003-0090.
  • 12. San Mauro, D.; Gower, D.J.; Cotton, J.A.; Zardoya, R.; Wilkinson, M.; Massingham, T. (2012). "Experimental design in phylogenetics: testing predictions from expected information". Systematic Biology 61 (4): 661–674. doi:10.1093/sysbio/sys028.
  • 2. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Caecilia". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • 3. Jenkins, Parish A. and Denis M. Walsh (16 September 1993). "An Early Jurassic caecilian with limbs". Nature 365 (6443): 246. doi:10.1038/365246a0.
  • 4. Mohun, S.M., W. L. Davies J. K. Bowmaker, D. Pisani, W. Himstedt, D. J. Gower, D. M. Hunt, M. Wilkinson (2010). "Identification and characterization of visual pigments in caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), an order of limbless vertebrates with rudimentary eyes". The Journal of Experimental Biology 213 (20): 3586–3592. doi:10.1242/jeb.045914.
  • 5. Piper, Ross (2007). Extraordinary Animals: An Encyclopedia of Curious and Unusual Animals. Greenwood Press.
  • 6. Anderson, Jason S.; Reisz, Robert R.; Scott, Diane; Fröbisch, Nadia B.; Sumida, Stuart S. (2008). "A stem batrachian from the Early Permian of Texas and the origin of frogs and salamanders". Nature 453 (7194): 515–8. doi:10.1038/nature06865. PMID 18497824.
  • 7. Huttenlocker, A. K.; Pardo, J. D.; Small, B. J.; Anderson, J. S. (2013). "Cranial morphology of recumbirostrans (Lepospondyli) from the Permian of Kansas and Nebraska, and early morphological evolution inferred by micro-computed tomography". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33 (3): 540. doi:10.1080/02724634.2013.728998
  • 8. Wilkinson, M.; San Mauro, D.; Sherratt, E.; Gower, D.J. (2011). "A nine-family classification of caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona)". Zootaxa 2874: 41–64.
  • 9. Kamei, R.G.; San Mauro, D.; Gower, D.J.; Van Bocxlaer, I.; Sherratt, E.; Thomas, A.; Babu, S.; Bossuyt, F.; Wilkinson, M.; Biju, S.D. (2012). "Discovery of a new family of amphibians from Northeast India with ancient links to Africa". Proc. R. Soc. B. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.0150.
  • Estes, Richard; Wake, Marvalee H. (22 September 1972). "The First Fossil Record of Caecilian Amphibians". Nature 239 (5369): 228. doi:10.1038/239228b0.
  • Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed. 1993. Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17. iv + 73
  • Hebrard, J.J.; G.M.O. Maloiy, D.M.I. Al-Liangana (1992). "Notes on the habitat and diet of Afrocaecilia taitana". J. Herpetol. (Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles) 26 (4): 513–515. doi:10.2307/1565136. JSTOR 1565136.
  • Kaplan, Matt (18 November 2009). "Giant Lungless "Worm" Found Living on Land". National Geographic News. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  • Kupfer, Alex; Muller, Hendrik; Antoniazzi, Marta M.; Jared, Carlos; Greven, Hartmut; Nussbaum, Ronald A.; Wilkinson, Mark (2006). "Parental investment by skin feeding in a caecilian amphibian". Nature 440 (7086): 926–929. doi:10.1038/nature04403. PMID 16612382.
  • Other references
  • Schwartz, Elisabeth N. Ferroni, Carlos A. Schwartz, Antonio Sebben (1998). "Occurrence of hemolytic activity in the skin secretion of the caecilian Siphonops paulensis". Natural Toxins 6 (5): 179–182. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1522-7189(199809/10)6:5<179::AID-NT20>3.0.CO;2-M. PMID 10398514.
  • Vince, Gaia (12 April 2006). "'Yummy mummy' worms feed their skin to offspring". New Scientist.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!