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These are parasitoid wasps: the adult female wasp deposits an egg into the body of an insect larva, which the wasp larva consumes as it develops. Most known figitid wasps use fly larvae as hosts. Some use hymenopterans or neuropterans.
The full diversity of this wasp family is not yet known. For example, the largest subfamily, Eucoilinae, has over 1000 described species so far, but this is probably just 5 to 20% of its total diversity.
As of 2011, there are 12 subfamilies.
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