The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Abe, T. D. E. Bignell, M. Higashi, eds. 2000. Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbiosis, Ecology. Kluwer Academic Publishing, Dordrecht.
  • Austin, J. W., A. L. Szalanski and B. J. Cabrera. 2004. Phylogenetic analysis of the subterranean termite family Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera) by using the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II gene. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97(3): 548-555.
  • Beccaloni, George W., and Paul Eggleton / Zhang, Z.-Q., ed. 2013. Order Blattodea. In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa, issue 3703. 46-48
  • Clément, J.-L., A.-G. Bagnères, P. Uva, L. Wilfert, A. Quintana, J. Reinhard, and S. Dronnet. 2001. Biosystematics of Reticulitermes termites in Europe: morphological, chemical and molecular data. Insectes Sociaux 48:202-215.
  • Copren, K.A., L. J. Nelson, E. L. Vargo, and M. I. Haverty. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA sequences corroborate taxonomic designations based on cuticular hydrocarbons in subterranean termites. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35(3):689-700.
  • Engel, Michael S., and Kumar Krishna. 2004. Family-Group Names for Termites. American Museum Novitates, no, 3432. 9
  • Grimaldi, D. and M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press.
  • Jenkins, T. M., R. E. Dean, R. Verkerk, and B. T. Forschler. 2001. Phylogenetic analyses of two mitochondrial genes and one nuclear intron region illuminate European subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) gene flow, taxonomy, and introduction dynamics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 20(2):286-293.
  • Kambhampati, S. and P. Eggleton. 2000. Phylogenetics and Taxonomy. Pages 1-23 in: Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology. T. Abe, D. E. Bignell, and M. Higashi, eds. Kluwer Academic Publishing, Dordrecht.
  • Krishna, K. and D. A. Grimaldi. 2003. The first Cretaceous Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera): A new species, genus, and subfamily in Burmese Amber. American Museum Novitates 3390:1-10.
  • Lo, N., O. Kitade, T. Miura, R. Constantino, and T. Matsumoto. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the Rhinotermitidae. Insectes Sociaux 51(4): 365-371.
  • Nel, A. and J.-C. Paicheler. 1993. Les Isoptera fossiles. État actuel des connaissances, implications paléoécologiques et paléoclimatologiques. [Insecta, Dictyoptera]. Cahiers de Paléontologie, CNRS Editions, Paris.
  • Ohkuma, M., H. Yuzawa, W. Amornsak, Y. Sornnuwat, Y. Takematsu, A. Yamada, C. Vongkaluang, O. Sarnthoy, N. Kitibutr, N. Noparatnaraporn, T. Kudo, and T. Inoue. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of Asian termites (Isoptera) of the families Termitidae and Rhinotermitidae based on mitochondrial COII sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(2): 701-710.
  • Thorne, B. L., J. F. A. Traniello, E. S. Adams, and M. Bulmer. 1999. Reproductive dynamics and colony structure of subterranean termites of the genus Reticulitermes (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae): a review of the evidence from behavioral, ecological, and genetic studies. Ethology Ecology and Evolution 11(2):149-169.
  • Vargo, E. L. and C. Husseneder. 2009. Biology of subterranean termites: Insights from molecular studies of Reticulitermes and Coptotermes. Annual Review of Entomology 54:379 - 403.


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