The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Allan, S., J. Day, J. Edman. 1987. Visual Ecology of Biting Flies. Annual Review of Entomology, 22: 297-314.
  • Dale, W., R. Axtell. 1975. Flight of the Salt Marsh Tabanidae (DIPTERA), Tabanus Nigrovittatus, Chrysops Atlanticus and C. Fuliginosus: Correlation With Temperature, Light, Moisture and Wind Velocity. Journal of Medical Entomology, 12: 551-557.
  • Eberhard, M., T. Orihel. 1981. Development and Larval Morphology of Loa loa in Experimental Primate Hosts. The Journal of Parasitology, 67: 556-564.
  • French, F., D. Hagan. 1998. Two-tier box trap catches Chrysops atlanticus and C. fuliginosus (Diptera: Tabanidae) near a Georgia salt marsh.. Journal of Medical Entomology, 32: 197-200. Accessed April 02, 2010 at
  • Frost, S., L. Pechuman. 1958. The Tabanidae of Pennsylvania. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 84: 169-215.
  • Hansens, E. 1979. Review: Tabanidae of the East Coast as an Economic Problem. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 87: 312-318.
  • Hansens, E., J. Rabin. 1981. Deer Fly, Chrysops-Atlanticus Pechuman (Diptera, Tabanidae), Activity in Cultivated Fields and Nearby Salt-Marsh Breeding Places. Environmental Entomology, 10: 590-592.
  • Hansens, E., J. Robinson. 1973. Emergence and Movement of Saltmarsh Deer Flies Chrysops-Fulignosis and Chrysops-Atlanticus. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 66/6: 1215-1218.
  • Magnarelli, L., J. Anderson, A. Barbour. 1986. The Etiologic Agent of Lyme Disease in Deer Flies, Horse Flies, and Mosquitoes. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 154: 355-358.
  • Magnarelli, L., J. Anderson. 1977. Follicular Devlopment in Salt Marsh tabanidae (Diptera) and Incidence of Nectar Feedin with Relation to Gonotrophic Activity. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 70: 529-533.
  • Magnarelli, L., J. Anderson. 1979. Oviposition, Fecundity, and Fertility of the Salt-Marsh Deer Fly, Chrysops-Fulignosis (Diptera-Tabanidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 15: 176-179.
  • Meany, R., I. Valiela, J. Teal. 1976. Growth, Abundance and Distribution of Larval Tabanids in Experimentally Fertilized Plots on a Massachusetts Salt Marsh. Journal of Applied Ecology, 13: 323-332.
  • Mullen, G., L. Durden. 2009. Medical Veterinary Entomology. Burlington, MA: Academic Press. Accessed April 02, 2010 at
  • Orihel, T., R. Lowrie. 1975. Loa loa: development to the infective stage in an American deerfly, Chrysops atlanticus.. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 24: 610-615.
  • Pape T. & Thompson F.C. (eds) (2015). Systema Dipterorum (version 2.0, Jan 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Pechumen, L. 1949. Sone Notes on the Tabanidae (Diptera) and the description of two new Chrysops. The Canadian Entomologist, 81/4: 77-82.
  • Sofield, R., R. Gaugler. 1984. Oviposition Behavior of Chrysops atlanticus (Diptera: Tabanidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 92: 403-404.
  • Squitier, J. 2007. "Deer Flies, Yellow Flies and Horse Flies, Chrysops, Diachlorus, and Tabanus spp. (Insecta: Diptera: Tabanidae)" (On-line pdf). Accessed March 23, 2010 at
  • Thompson, P. 1967. Tabanidae of Maryland. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 93: 463-519.
  • Uebel, E., W. Bickley. 1976. Tabanidae (Diptera) at Selected Sites in Maryland. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 78: 176-180.


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