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Overview

Brief Summary

Chameleon shrimp got its name because it can change its color from transparent to almost completely black. At first glance, it looks like common shrimp. However, it is thinner and they have no claws or walking legs. Chameleon shrimp can hold onto stones and seaweed with their front legs. They eat plankton and swim around with their head erected. Young chameleon shrimp are smaller replicas of their parents.
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The roughly 1000 known species of mysid shrimp range in size from around 2 mm to 8 cm. This group of Peracarida was formerly combined with the far less diverse Lophogastrida as the Mysidacea. Mysids are superficially similar to the euphausiids (krill). They may be pelagic (living in open water) or demersal (living near the bottom) and are found at all ocean depths. Some species are intertidal and burrow in the sand during low tides. Most mysids are omniverous suspension feeders. (Brusca and Brusca 2003)

An excellent online source on the Mysida is Gary Anderson's Peracarida Taxa and Literature website.

  • Brusca, R.C. and G.J. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates, 2nd edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
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© Leo Shapiro

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Evolution and Systematics

Evolution

Classification

Used to be treated as suborder of the order Mysidacea, together with the suborders Lophogastrida and Stygiomysida
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:1,358Public Records:1,073
Specimens with Sequences:1,110Public Species:89
Specimens with Barcodes:778Public BINs:121
Species:121         
Species With Barcodes:99         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Mysida

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Genomic DNA is available from 2 specimens
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© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

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