Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs in southwestern and west-central India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharshtra, Goa, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh). It is found from the Godavari east to Diguvamatta and south through the foothills of the Nilgiri and other hill systems to Shernelly, but not including the enclave where S. hypoleucos is found (Groves 2001). The distribution of this species is very wide, with large subpopulations.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species ranges from 100-1,700 m in tropical rainforest, dry deciduous forest, sacred groves, moist deciduous forest, gardens, riparian forest, and open scrub, and is commensal in many places (Molur, et al. 2003). It is well adapted to cultivated areas, and provisioning (Molur et al. 2003). It is arboreal, semi-terrestrial, primarily folivorous, and diurnal (Molur et al. 2003). Group size varies from 15 to 150 (A. Chhangani and M. Singh pers. comm.).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Groves, C.P. & Chhangani, A.

Reviewer/s
Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern as the species has a wide distribution, is common, and there are no major threats resulting in a significant population decline.

History
  • 2000
    Data Deficient
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Population

Population
Total population size is unknown, but likely runs into several hundred thousands. Current decline is not known (Molur et al. 2003). There seems to be a high fluctuation in the population in Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary (A. Chhangani pers. comm.).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
No major threats are identified for this species. In some areas there are serious local threats such as road kills, predation and domestic animal diseases, like mange, in commensal areas. Some areas in the Aravalis are under threat from mining (A. Chhangani pers. comm.).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is listed on CITES Appendix I, and Schedule II, Part II, Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 amended up to 2002 (Molur et al. 2003). Further studies are needed in the taxonomy of this species.
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Wikipedia

Southern plains gray langur

The southern plains gray langur (Semnopithecus dussumieri) is a species of primate in the Cercopithecidae family. It is found in south west and west central India.[1] Commonly known as Hanuman langur, this is the most widely found species of langur in India. Typical habitat includes rural and forested areas. However, they can be seen in several cities as well. They usually reside and forage in groups.

References

  1. ^ a b Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 174. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=12100695.
  2. ^ Groves, C. P. & Chhangani, A. (2008). Semnopithecus dussumieri. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
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