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Range DescriptionThe Yellow-striped Chevrotain occurs in the Wet Zone of Sri Lanka, from Sinharaja Forest through the lowlands around Colombo north to Katagamuwa on the border of the Dry Zone at 6°24′N, 81°25′E, and into the highlands at least to the Kandy district (Groves and Meijaard 2005): specific localities are given in Groves and Meijaard 2005: 420). Riverine forests of the intermediate zone support some of Sri Lanka's wet zone endemic forest birds (BirdLife International 2001): no information has been traced on whether the wet zone chevrotain uses such habitats. No published records additional to Groves and Meijaard (2005) and following their suggested taxonomy were traced, although this species persists in the Talangama wetland close to Colombo (Gehan de Silva Wijeyeratne pers. comm. 2008). Objective identification (i.e. not solely on the basis of habitat and location) of further animals at various localities within the island is required to test the hypothesis of Groves and Meijaard (2005) of a strict segregation of habitat between this species and M. memmina s.s.; these authors stressed their “admittedly small sample sizes”. Currently it might be rash for species-level identification to be assigned to individuals under the Groves and Meijaard (2005) taxonomic hypothesis solely on the basis of habitat.