Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
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In Nepal, it would always have had a small population, restricted to the lowlands, Siwalik hills and Bhabar area. Hem Sagar Baral (pers. comm. 2008) traced a number of records from Nepal, but none was from recent years (see Distribution). This species may now be very rare there, or even extinct, but it would be premature to consider it so, because there has been no recent search specifically for the species. The hills of the Chitwan valley are the most likely place the species might persist in Nepal, because habitat here is protected and relatively little encroached (Hem Sagar Baral in litt. 2008).
Indian spotted chevrotain
The Indian Spotted Chevrotain (Moschiola indica) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Tragulidae family found in India and possibly Nepal. It has a body length of 23 in (57.5 cm), with a tail length of 1 in (2.5 cm); it weighs around 7 lb (3 kg). It lives in rainforests and is nocturnal. This was earlier included under the name of Tragulus meminna but studies on the systematics of the group have led to that name being restricted to the Sri Lankan Spotted Chevrotain.
- Duckworth, J.W., Hem Sagar Baral & Timmins, R.J. (2008). Moschiola indica. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 26 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern.
- Groves, C. & Meijaard, E. (2005) Intraspecific variation in Moschiola, the Indian Chevrotain. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement 12:413-421 PDF