Alophia is a small genus in the Iridaceae family with about 5 species native to the southern United States, Central and South America. Plants have pleated sword shaped leaves and flowers that last only a few hours or for a day. They are related to Cypella, Herbertia, and Tigridia. Some species that were previously included in this genus are now found in Herbertia.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimen Records: 8
Specimens with Sequences: 11
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 2
Public Records: 8
Public Species: 2
- For the moth genus, see Alophia (moth).
Alophia is a small genus of perennial, herbaceous and bulbous plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). The genus comprise five known species that occur from the South-central United States as well as in Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America.
The genus is closely related to Herbertia, Cypella and Tigridia, differentiating from them by some characters of the stamen and the gynoecium. The genus name is derived from the Greek words a-, meaning "without", and lophos, meaning "crest".
- Alophia drummondii (Graham) R.C.Foster, Contr. Gray Herb. 155: 34 (1945). South-central United States to Mexico, Guyana and Bolivia
- Alophia intermedia (Ravenna) Goldblatt, Brittonia 27: 384 (1975 publ. 1976). NW Mexico. (Sinaloa).
- Alophia medusa (Baker) Goldblatt, Brittonia 27: 384 (1975 publ. 1976). Brazil (Goiás)
- Alophia silvestris (Loes.) Goldblatt, Brittonia 27: 384 (1975 publ. 1976). Southern Mexico to Costa Rica
- Alophia veracruzana Goldblatt & T.M.Howard, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79: 903 (1992). Mexico (Veracruz)
- R. K. Brummitt. 1980. Propose to conserve Alophia over Eustylis. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta, 22. Taxon, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Aug., 1980), pp. 489-493
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map
- Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 232–33. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.
- Peter Goldblatt & Thad M. Howard. Notes on Alophia (Iridaceae) and a New Species, A. veracruzana, from Vera Cruz, Mexico. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 79, No. 4 (1992), pp. 901-905
- Peter Goldblatt. 1975. Revision of the bulbous Iridaceae of North America. Brittonia 27: 373- 385.
- Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. World Checklist of Monocotyledons: Alophia. Accessed April 16, 2009.
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