Its estimated AOO is 275 km (calculated by clipping the distribution polygon to the coral reef layer from WCMC 2013). Between 1965-1999 (34 years), a 17% declinein coral coverwas directly observed off Veracruz (Jacksonet al.2014). There have been no significant observed declines in coral cover in Alacranes or Flower Gardens mostly due to their offshore location or lack of scientific data (Alacranes).
Catalog Number: USNM 388617
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Weaver
Year Collected: 2006
Locality: Stetson Bank, FGBNMS, Gulf of Mexico, reef crest., Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 24
- Paratype: Weaver, D. C. & Rocha, L. A. 28 Dec 2007. Copeia. 2007 (4): 800, Figs. 1, 2.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2010Data Deficient (DD)
This species is a prey species of the invasive Lionfish (Pterois volitans) (L. Rocha pers. comm. 2014).Lionfish are currently increasing in all localities of its restricted range. This species is easily targeted by the lionfish given its small, shallow body and demersal habits (Green and Cote 2014). Due to the Lionfish's ability to consume a variety of fishes smaller than 15 cm, both adults and juveniles of this species are likely consumed. In the Bahamas, a 65% declinein Lionfish prey biomassover a period of two yearswas observed (species-specific data are not available at this time) (Greenet al.2012).
The Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano has been designated as a national park since 1992 and a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve since 2006, however, there is no effective management plan in place. Furthermore, the Mexican government has been seeking to reduce the size of the protected area in order to expand the Port of Veracruz onto the reef area (Ortiz-Lozano et al. 2013). Similarly, the Alacranes Reef National Park was designated by UNESCO in 1994 and as a national park in 2000.
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