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Biology

There is little published information about the general biology and ecology of this species when compared to its much better known S. brasiliensis, even though this species has been recognized as distinct (even if under misapplied names) since late 19th century. Under the name S. brasiliensis, it has been reported to reach one meter in total length and weigh up to 30 kg, consequently, one of the largest known Characiformes; piscivorous; undertakes reproductive migrations during the rainy season; juveniles (< 600 g) were collected in marginal lagoons of the rio São Francisco, an indication that these are recruiting habitats for the species; one of the main targets of the commercial and amateur fisheries in the middle rio São Francisco basin (Ref. 75797).

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Source: FishBase

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