Overview

Distribution

Brazil.
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South America: known only from the tributaries of the upper Tocantins in Brazil.
  • Menezes, N.A. 2006 Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Analsoft rays: 29 - 31; Vertebrae: 39 - 41
  • Menezes, N.A. 2006 Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)
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Size

Max. size

7.9 cm SL (female)
  • Menezes, N.A. 2006 Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)
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Diagnostic Description

Can be distinguished by having dark blotch at the humeral region, a character shared only with Acestrocephalus boehlkei and Acestrocephalus stigmatus. Differs from Acestrocephalus stigmatus by having 25-27 anal-fin rays (vs. 29-31), and 7-8gill-rakers (vs. 5-6). This species has a quite peculiar general structure of the pseudotympanum which differs from that of Acestrocephalus stigmatus and all the other species of Acestrocephalus examined. Acestrocephalus maculosus has very reduced muscular hiatus as a result of the great development of the obliquus superioris muscle covering the anterior portion of the swim bladder. This makes the opening anterior tofirst pleural rib, this and the second pleural rib as well as the obliquus inferioris muscle not visible (Ref. 75890).Description: Dorsal fin ii,9; Anal fin iv,25-27; Pectoral fin i+13-15; Pelvic fin i+7 (Ref. 75890).
  • Menezes, N.A. 2006 Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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