Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Jasus caveorum
There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen. Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Jasus caveorum
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
This species has been occassionally fished by New Zealand fishers since its discovery in 1995. Approximately 20 t has been taken and marketed fresh in New Zealand (Booth and Webber 2001).
The status of the stocks is unknown (South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation 2007).
Jasus caveorum is a species of spiny lobster found on a single seamount in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, discovered in 1995 by fishermen from New Zealand. It is most similar to Jasus frontalis from the nearby Juan Fernández Islands, but is more closely related to species from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Jasus caveorum is known from a single seamount in the Foundation Seamounts chain, around , approximately 2,100 kilometres (1,300 mi) south-east of Pitcairn Island, and 4,500 km (2,800 mi) west of the Juan Fernández Islands, Chile. The seamount has two peaks at a depth of 140 metres (460 ft), separated by a col at a depth of 320 m (1,050 ft). J. caveorum is the only species in the genus whose range is not associated with any land that rises above sea level.
J. caveorum was discovered in 1995 by the New Zealand fishing vessel FV David Baker, owned by Southern Seafoods. Commercial lobster traps were laid at various depths, down to 300 m (980 ft); specimens of J. caveorum were recovered from depths down to 180 m (590 ft), but mostly less than 150 m (490 ft).
Ecology and conservation
The ecology of Jasus caveorum is poorly known. Its diet is assumed to be made up chiefly of invertebrates. Most adult individuals are infested with a small stalked barnacle of unknown identity; the same barnacle infests crabs of the genus Chaceon in the same locality.
Since it occurs in international waters, there are no restrictions on fishing J. caveorum. It is occasionally caught by fishermen from New Zealand, and may have been fished more intensively in the 1960s. The state of the stock is unknown, and the species is listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN Red List.
The specimens of Jasus caveorum examined for the species description varied in carapace length from 104 to 129 millimetres (4.1 to 5.1 in). Morphologically, J. caveorum is most similar to J. frontalis, which lives around the Juan Fernández and Desventuradas Islands. It is, however, more closely related to J. tristani and J. paulensis from Tristan da Cunha and the islands of the southern Indian Ocean, respectively. The two species differ in that J. frontalis has sculpturing on the second to sixth abdominal tergae, which is missing in J. caveorum, and in the presence of a row of setae and small spines on the second pereiopod of J. caveorum, but not on that of J. frontalis.
Jasus caveorum was described in 1995 by W. R. Webber of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, and J. D. Booth of the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research. The specific epithet caveorum commemorates Joe Cave, Helen Cave and Ernie Cave; it is also a play on the word "cave", since the species occurs in a hidden area, with no above-ground presence.
- A. MacDiarmid, M. Butler, A. Cockcroft & R. Wahle (2011). "Jasus caveorum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/185085. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- Tin-Yam Chan (2010). "Jasus caveorum Webber & Booth, 1995". World Register of Marine Species. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=382878. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- W. R. Webber & J. D. Booth (1995). "A new species of Jasus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palinuridae) from the eastern South Pacific Ocean". New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 29 (4): 613–622. doi:10.1080/00288330.1995.9516692.
- "Information describing Jasus caveorum fisheries relating to the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation". February 20, 2007. SPRFMO-III-SWG-12. http://www.southpacificrfmo.org/assets/Species-Profiles-Final/12-REVISED-J-caveorum-profile-Science-III.pdf.
- J. R. Ovenden, J. D. Booth and A. J. Smolenski (1997). "Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of red and green rock lobsters (genus Jasus)". Marine and Freshwater Research 48 (8): 1131–1136. doi:10.1071/MF97192.