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The genus Sloanea is of the family Elaeocarpaceae, comprised of 150 species (Smith 1954, Steyermark 1988).  Sloanea differs from other genera within Elaeocarpaceae in foliage, fruit, and basic number of floral parts, it has the basic number 4 whereas others genera have 3 (Smith 1954). Sloanea is distributed worldwide in tropical regions, with 70 of the total Sloanea species occurring in New World Tropics and 80 species in the Old World (Sampaio & Souza 2011). Sloanea are large canopy trees (Gentry 1993) and can be characterized by buttressed roots, simple and alternate leaves with a swollen petiole at the apex and base, flowers usually with corolla absent, and inflorescences with numerous stamens, usually with conspicuous connective prolongation and fruit capsule covered by flexible bristles (Sampaio & Souza 2014). Sloanea of the Old World have been separated into 3 subgenera, on the basis of petal type, whereas Smith (1954) separated New World tropical species into 2 subgenera on the basis of the condition of sepals in the bud. 


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