Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Herbs or suffrutices. Leaves opposite. Inflorescence terminal but appearing lateral, 1-2-flowered. Flowers actinomorphic. Corolla salver-shaped; lobes overlapping to the left. Ovary of 2 carpels; disk composed of 2 glands. Fruit composed of 2 follicles (although one may abort); follicles cylindrical, acute. Seeds oblong, black; testa rugose.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 29
Specimens with Sequences: 28
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Public Records: 10
Public Species: 1
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Catharanthus

Catharanthus is a genus of flowering plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae. Like genus Vinca, they are known commonly as periwinkles.[3] There are eight known species. Seven are endemic to Madagascar,[4] though one, C. roseus, is widely naturalized around the world.[2][5] The eighth species, C. pusillus, is native to India and Sri Lanka.[6] The name Catharanthus comes from the Greek for "pure flower".[7]

These are perennial herbs with oppositely or almost oppositely arranged leaves. Flowers are usually solitary in the leaf axils. Each has a calyx with five long, narrow lobes and a corolla with a tubular throat and five lobes.[7]

Catharanthus roseus, known formerly as Vinca rosea, is a main source of vinca alkaloids, now sometimes called catharanthus alkaloids. There are about 130 of these compounds, including vinblastine, a common drug used to treat cancers.[8]

Catharanthus roseus is also cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens. Several cultivars have been bred to produce flowers in many shades of pink, red, lilac, and white, or in light shades with dark throats.[9]

Species[2]
  1. Catharanthus coriaceus Markgr. - Madagascar
  2. Catharanthus lanceus (Bojer ex A.DC.) Pichon - Madagascar
  3. Catharanthus longifolius (Pichon) Pichon - Madagascar
  4. Catharanthus ovalis Markgr. - Madagascar
  5. Catharanthus pusillus (Murray) G.Don. - India, Sri Lanka, Western Himalayas
  6. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don. – Madagascar periwinkle, old-maid, rosy periwinkle, pink periwinkle - Madagascar; naturalized in Italy, S Asia, Australia, S United States, Central America, and various oceanic islands
  7. Catharanthus scitulus (Pichon) Pichon - Madagascar
  8. Catharanthus trichophyllus (Baker) Pichon - Madagascar

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Pfeiffer, Nom. 1: 627 (1873)
  2. ^ a b c "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ Catharanthus. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  4. ^ Catharanthus. Madagascar Catalogue. eFloras.
  5. ^ Catharanthus roseus. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  6. ^ Catharanthus pusillus. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  7. ^ a b Catharanthus. The Jepson eFlora 2013.
  8. ^ van Der Heijden, R., et al. (2004). The catharanthus alkaloids: pharmacognosy and biotechnology. Current Medicinal Chemistry 11(5), 607-28.
  9. ^ Catharanthus roseus. Missouri Botanical Garden.
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