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The rodent flea, Ctenophthalmus nobilis, is a common parasite of small mammals in Western Europe. It infests mostly rodents and insectivores. The flea larvae live in the hosts' nests, and the adults can occur in the hosts' fur in large numbers (Cotton 1963, 1970). Ctenophthalmus nobilis is an important vector of Bartonella infections in rodents (Bown et al. 2004, Hubâalek & Rudolf 2011).