Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology: Nematocysts

More info
LocationImageCnidae TypeRange of
Lengths (m)
Range of
Widths (m)
nNState
Dunn D. F., 1981
Actinopharynx
basitrichs (15)  17.2 - 32.5  (37.7) x (2.5)  3 - 4.4  (5) 88 / 9 Unfired
spirocysts  20.5 - 30.3  x  2.9 - 3.9  12 / 3 Unfired
Column
basitrichs  12.5 - 20  x (1.6)  2.1 - 3.3  63 / 10 Unfired
basitrichs (22.4)  24 - 41  x  2.2 - 4.1  57 / 10 Unfired
microbasic p-mastigophores  21.6 - 32.5  x  4.4 - 7.4  (8.4) 66 / 10 Unfired
spirocysts  16.8 - 37.5  (41) x  2 - 3.3  37 / 7 Unfired
Filaments
basitrichs  10 - 13.8  x  1.6 - 2.5  15 / 5 Unfired
basitrichs (20)  22.2 - 35  x  2.5 - 4.4  (5) 81 / 8 Unfired
microbasic p-mastigophores (25.9)  29.6 - 37.5  x  5.2 - 7.5  (8.8) 43 / 7 Unfired
spirocysts  16.8 - 32.5  (41.8) x  2.4 - 3.3  27 / 3 Unfired
Tentacles
basitrichs  10 - 15.2  (17.2) x  1.6 - 2.5  21 / 5 Unfired
basitrichs  20 - 41  x  2 - 3.8  113 / 12 Unfired
spirocysts  14.4 - 37  (41) x  2 - 3.7  (5) 99 / 12 Unfired
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 3.5
  Temperature range (°C): 25.894 - 25.894
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.399 - 0.399
  Salinity (PPS): 34.520 - 34.520
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.703 - 4.703
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.103 - 0.103
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.957 - 2.957

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 3.5
 
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 1.5

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 1.5
 
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 8.5 - 8.5
 
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
 
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Associations

Biological Associations

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Algal symbionts
Zooxanthellae
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Wikipedia

Stichodactyla gigantea

Stichodactyla gigantea, commonly known as the giant carpet anemone[2] is a species of sea anemone that lives in the Indo-Pacific area, with a diameter usually no larger than 50 centimetres (1.6 ft) and a maximum of 80 centimetres (2.6 ft).[3] It can be kept in an aquarium but is a very challenging species to keep alive and healthy for more than 3–5 years.

Ecology[edit]

S. gigantea resides on shallow seagrass beds or sand flats around 8 centimetres (3.1 in) deep (at low tide). [4] Most anemones are treated as sessile, but the ones inhabited by anemonefish are in fact motile.[5]Zooxanthellae are obligate symbionts within the anemone. S. gigantea are associated as hosts to the common clownfish (A. ocellaris), Clark's anemonefish (A. clarkii), the pink skunk clownfish (A. perideraion), and occasionally with the domino damselfish (D. trimaculatus). [5]

Aquarium trade[edit]

S. gigantea is uncommon in the aquarium trade, due to the fact that it is very hard to keep alive, and that it is simply not available in the majority of locations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fautin, D. (2010). "Stichodactlya gigantea (Forskål, 1775)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  2. ^ Fenner, Robert M. (1998). The Conscientious Marine Aquarist: A Commonsense Handbook for Successful Saltwater Hobbyists. Shelburne, VT: Microcosm Ltd. 
  3. ^ "Freshmarine.com: Carpet anemone". Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Mitchell, Jeremy S. (2003). "Mobility of Stichodactlya gigantea sea anemones and implications for resident false clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris". Environmental Biology of Fishes 66: 85–90. 
  5. ^ a b Fautin, Daphne G; Gerald R Allen (1992). Anemone Fishes and Their Host Sea Anemones (2 (1997) ed.). Western Australian Museum. p. 160. 
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