The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Adams, C. D. 1972. Fl. Pl. Jamaica 1–848. University of the West Indies, Mona. External link.
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville. External link.
  • Baillon, H. E. 1882-1894. Liste de plantes de Madagascar. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 330–1199 (sporadic pagination). External link.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286. External link.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City. External link.
  • Du Puy,D.J. et al. 2002. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
  • Erkens, R. H., P. J. M. Maas, L. W. Chatrou, G. E. Schatz & N. Zamora. 2006. Seven taxonomic discoveries in Annonaceae from South-Eastern Central America. Blumea 51(2): 199–220. External link.
  • Forzza, R. C. & et al. 2010. 2010 Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil. External link.
  • Foster, R. C. 1958. A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia. Contr. Gray Herb. 184: 1–223. External link.
  • García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. Meave del Castillo. 2011. Divers. Florist. Oaxaca 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria. External link.
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. 2008. 1–860. In O. Hokche, P. E. Berry & O. Huber Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas. External link.
  • Howard, R. A. 1988. Leguminosae. Fl. Lesser Antilles (Dicotyledoneae–Part 1) 4: 334–538. External link.
  • Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1978. Monographic studies in Cassia (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae) III. Sections Absus and Grimaldia. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 30: 1–300. External link.
  • Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1982. The American Cassiinae: A synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 1–918 [in 2 parts]. External link.
  • Irwin,H.S. & Barneby,R.C. 1982. Mem.New York Bot.Gard.35:1-918[in 2 parts]American Cassiinae
  • Irwin.H.S.& Barneby,R.C. 1982. Mem.N.Y.Bot.Gard.35(1 & 2):1-918 The American Cassiinae
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2): 1–228. External link.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. External link.
  • Macbride, J. F. 1943. Leguminosae, Flora of Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(3/1): 1–506. External link.
  • McVaugh, R. 1987. Leguminosae. 5: 1–786. In R. McVaugh Fl. Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. External link.
  • McVaugh,R. 1987. Flora Novo-Galiciana 5:1-786. Leguminosae
  • Merrill, E. D. & L. M. Perry. 1948. Notes on Some Papuan Collections of Mary Strong Clemens. J. Arnold Arbor. 29(2): 152–168. External link.
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118. External link.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi. External link.
  • Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009) Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 71 (Includes a picture).
  • Polhill,R,M. 1990. Legumineuses.In:Flore des Mascareignes,Vol 80.J. Bosser et a
  • Reyes-García, A. & M. Sousa Sánchez. 1997. Depresión central de Chiapas. La selva baja caducifolia. Listados Floríst. México 17: 1–41. External link.
  • Roskov Y.R., Bisby F.A. (†), Zarucchi J.L. & White R.J. (eds) (2013). ILDIS World Database of Legumes (version 10.04, Sep 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Rutenberg, C. 1880-1889. Reliquiae Rutenbergianae. Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 7(1): 1–54; 7(2): 198–214; 7(3): 335–365; 9(4): 401–403; 10(3): 369–396. External link.
  • SPECIMEN BASED RECORD. Published protolog data. External link.
  • Schatz, G. E., S. Andriambololonera, Andrianarivelo, M. W. Callmander, Faranirina, P. P. Lowry, P. B. Phillipson, Rabarimanarivo, J. I. Raharilala, Rajaonary, Rakotonirina, R. H. Ramananjanahary, B. Ramandimbisoa, A. Randrianasolo, N Ravololomanana, Z. S. Rogers, C. M. Taylor & G. A. Wahlert. 2011. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 0(0): 0–0. External link.
  • Senesse, S. 1980. Palynologia Madagassica et Mascarenica. Fam. 98 bis. Caesalpiniaceae. Pollen & Spores 22: 355–423. External link.
  • Seymour, F. C. 1973. Cassia in Nicaragua. Phytologia 27(5): 330–348. External link.
  • Singh,V. 2001. Monograph on Indian Subtribe Cassiinae (Caesalpiniaceae)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Leguminosae. Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5): 1–368. External link.
  • Steyermark, J. A. & O. Huber. 1978. Fl. Avila 1–971. Sociedad Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales, Caracas. External link.
  • Zamora Villalobos, N. 2010. Fabaceae. En: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 5. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 119: 395–775. External link.
  • Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, M. J. Belgrano, C. Marticorena & E. Marchesi. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107(1): i–xcvi, 1–983; 107(2): i–xx, 985–2286; 107(3): i–xxi, 2287–3348. External link.


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