Catalog Number: US 2249579
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): ex herb. K.F.P von Martius
Locality: Minas Gerais, Brazil, South America
- Type collection: Martius, K. F. P. von. 1837. Flora. 20: 127.
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Dipteryx alata
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Dipteryx alata
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Dipteryx alata aff.
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- Needs updating
- 1997Endangered(Walter and Gillett 1998)
Dipteryx alata (Baru) is a species of legume in the family Fabaceae. It is a large tree, usually referred to as "Baruzeiro" (Baru tree) in Portuguese and its fruits or almond-like beans are known as Baru. Other names besides Baru are Cumaru, Cumbaru, Barujo, Coco-feijão, Cumarurana, Emburena-brava, Feijão-coco, and Pau-cumaru.
It is found only in the Cerrado region of Brazil, and the Chiquitano region of eastern Bolivia, and is threatened by habitat loss. Historically it has been used as lumber, for charcoal production and for shade in pastures. The fruits are used as feed for cattle bovine and are also an important food source for small mammals, rodents, birds, bats, etc. They are also consumed by people.
The tree can measure up to 25 m in height, 0.7 m in diameter and have a useful lifespan of 60 years. A tree will produce about 150 kg of fruit per harvest.
Its brown fruits are either collected from the ground or picked from the tree when they are almost ripe. A fruit usually weighs 25g of which 30% is pulp, 65% is ligneous endocarp and 5% is seed (bean/almond).
Out of the fruit, the pulp is sweet and can be consumed fresh, but is also used to manufacture jams, jellies, and liquors; the beans (Baru almonds) are rich in flavor and are typically served after being roasted and salted or as a part of any number of dishes including bread, cakes, Pesto sauce and ice cream; additionally the oil extracted from the almonds may be used as a culinary ingredient or in many other varied forms. Baru is rich in proteins, fibers, magnesium, potassium and iron and has a high energy content.
The uses for the Baru fruit can be summarized as:
|Part of the Fruit||Product/Sub-Product||Uses|
|Pulp||Pulp in natura||Human food|
|Dehydrated Pulp||Human food|
|Residues||Farming (organic fertilizer)|
|Almond||Raw almond||Human food|
|Roasted Almond||Human Food|
|Pyroligneous acid and tar||Industrial|
|Per 100 g|
|Total fat||38.2 g|
|Saturated fat||7.18 g|
|Unsaturated fat||31.02 g|
|Total fiber||13.4 g|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dipteryx alata.|
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Dipteryx alata. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.blavla Downloaded on 10 July 2007.
Portuguese Wikipedia article on Baru
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