Overview

Distribution

Range Description

L. sphaericus is found in northern Africa, the Atlantic Islands, south and east Europe and eastwards to Afghanistan.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Distribution in Egypt

Nile region and western desert.

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Source: Bibliotheca Alexandrina - EOL Ar

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Global Distribution

North Africa, south Europe, east Mediterranean region extending eastwards to Afghanistan.

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Distribution: Pakistan; Kashmir; India; Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Turkey; Cyprus; N.Africa; Tropical Africa; Europe; Russia (Caucasus, Central Asia).
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Europe, Africa, W. Asia, C. Asia, Himalaya (Chitral to W. Nepal).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Erect or ascending annual herb. Stem glabrous, not winged. Leaf paripinnately compound, leaflets 2, 2-9 cm long, 1-3 mm broad, linear or lanceolate, glabrous to subglabrous; stipules 3-15 mm long, semi-sagittate. Flowers solitary axillary, peduncle 1-15 mm. Calyx 5-6 mm long, teeth subequal, 1.5-2 times as long as the tube. Corolla red or orange. Vexillum 6-10 mm long. Fruit 3-6 cm long, 4-5 mm broad, linear-ensiform, glabrous, 5-14-seeded.
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Physical Description

Annual, Herbs, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems or branches arching, spreading or decumbent, Stems prostrate, trailing, or mat forming, Stems less than 1 m tall, Climbing by tendrils, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs glabrou s or sparsely glabrate, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous, Stipules persistent, Stipules free, Leaves compound, Leaves even pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite, Leaflets 2, Leaves glabrous or nearly so, Flowers solitary in axils, or appearing solitary, Inflorescence axillary, Bracts very small, absent or caducous, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx glabrous, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals red, Petals orange or yellow, Banner petal ovoid or obovate, Banner petal suborbicular, broadly rounded, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing petals auriculate, Wing tips obtuse or rounded, Keel tips obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens diadelphous, 9 united, 1 free, Filaments glabrous, Style flattened, Style hairy, Style hairy on one side only, Style persistent in fruit, Fruit a legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehis cent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit exserted from calyx, Valves twisting or coiling after dehiscence, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit 3-10 seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Dr. David Bogler

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Elevation Range

1300-1600 m
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The taxon is found in grassland at forest edges and in open scrub.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl.Per.: February-March.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
Groom, A.

Reviewer/s
Hilton-Taylor, C.

Contributor/s

Justification
Lathyrus sphaericus has a large geographical distribution and is not considered to be specifically threatened or in decline. The species does not meet any threatened criteria therefore a rating of Least Concern is given.
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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Population

Population
The population is assumed to be common and stable.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats to L. sphaericus.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Seeds have been collected from this taxon as a method of ex situ conservation by the Millennium Seed Bank Project. It is not known whether this species occurs within the protected areas network however, there are protected areas within the range of the species.
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Wikipedia

Lathyrus sphaericus

Lathyrus sphaericus is a species of wild pea known by the common name grass pea. It is native to Eurasia and much of Africa, and it is known on other continents as an introduced species. It can grow in many types of habitat, including disturbed areas. This is an annual herb producing a slender stem and bearing leaves each made up of two long, narrow, grasslike leaflets up to 6 centimeters long and a coiling, climbing tendril. The inflorescence is made up of one pea flower on a stalk one or two centimeters long ending a in a bristle. The flower is roughly a centimeter long and deep orange-red or dull red in color. The fruit is a hairless legume pod marked with longitudinal stripes.

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