Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 154
Specimens with Sequences: 141
Specimens with Barcodes: 124
Species: 18
Species With Barcodes: 18
Public Records: 41
Public Species: 7
Public BINs: 3
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Wikipedia

Garden tiger moth

The garden tiger moth (Arctia caja) is a moth of the Arctiidae family.

It has a wingspan of 45 to 65 millimetres (1.8 to 2.6 in). The design of the wings varies: the front wings are brown with a white pattern (which can however be missing), the back wings are orange with a pattern of black dots. The conspicuous patterns serve as a warning to predators, because the moth's body fluids are poisonous. Its effects are not yet fully known, but they contain quantities of neurotoxic choline esters which act by interfering with the acetylcholine receptor. The colours are also ideal for frightening predators such as small birds: the moth normally hides its hindwings under the cryptic forewings when resting. If a threat is perceived, the moth quickly shows its red colour and flies away. In this way, it successfully confuses and warns off the predator.

The Arctiidae family is one of the larger moth families

Distribution[edit]

The garden tiger moth is found throughout Europe as far north as Lapland, in Asia, and in North America. In the mountains (Tien Shan) this species is found up to an elevation of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). The garden tiger moth loves damp places, which is why it is particularly common in river valleys as well as gardens and parks. The moth is nocturnal and can usually only be seen flying around a source of light. The distinctively coloured, long-haired caterpillar, on the other hand, is seen more frequently. It can grow up to 6 cm (2.4 in) long and plays dead when in danger. These moths are most common in June to August, in gardens, park, meadows, grasslands, and scrubby areas.

The garden tiger moth is protected in the UK under the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP).[1] Its numbers in the UK have declined by 89% over the past 30 years.[2]

Development[edit]

Eggs are laid starting in July. Large bluish-white clutches of eggs are laid on the lower surfaces of leaves. The caterpillars hatch in August. They spend the winter on the ground in protected places and pupate from June to July of the following year. The moths hatch from July to August.

The caterpillar of the garden tiger moth feeds on various kinds of non-woody plants, as well as bushes and trees. It is especially fond of raspberry, blackberry, viburnum, honeysuckle, erica, and broom.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BBC NEWS, Hedgehogs join 'protection' list". BBC News. 2007-08-27. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  2. ^ "Insecticide! (An ecological disaster that will affect us all)". Independent.co.uk. 2008-11-15. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
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Arctia flavia

The Yellow Tiger Moth (Arctia flavia) is a moth of the family Arctiidae. It is found in the Alps above the tree level. It also occurs in Balkan mountains (Rila), European Russia, northern Kazakhstan, Siberia, Mongolia, North-Eastern China, and Korea.

The wingspan is 50–70 mm. The moth flies July to August.

The larvae feed on a wide range of plants.

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Arctia rueckbeili

Arctia rueckbeili is a moth of the family Arctiidae. It is found in Tien Shan, Alai and Turkestan mountains in Central Asia within Kyrghyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Chinese province of Xinjiang at altitudes 1300-3500 m a.s.l. The moth flies June to July.


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Arctia

Arctia is a genus in the moth family Arctiidae. Therein, it belongs to subtribe Arctiina of tribe Arctiini in the subfamily Arctiinae. It is the type genus of all these taxa.

Species[edit]

The members of Arctia consist of the main group, some more distantly related species which presently form monotypic "groups", and one species which might not actually belong here:

caja group:

Monotypic "groups":

Incertae sedis:

Formerly placed here[edit]

Many Arctiidae were initially placed in this genus. Species moved out of Arctia more recently include:

References[edit]

Media related to Arctia at Wikimedia Commons
Data related to Arctia at Wikispecies


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