Physical Description

Morphology

Other Physical Features: endothermic ; bilateral symmetry

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Ecology

Associations

Animal / vector
Capillaria hepatica is spread by Strigiformes

Animal / dung/debris feeder
larva of Geotrupes pyrenaeus feeds on dung/debris pellet of Strigiformes
Other: unusual host/prey

Animal / dung/debris feeder
colony of Gymnascella hyalinospora feeds on dung/debris pellet of Strigiformes

Plant / resting place / within
larva of Hydrotaea basdeni may be found in nest of Strigiformes

Animal / dung/debris feeder
ascoma of Onygena corvina feeds on dung/debris pellet of Strigiformes
Other: major host/prey

Animal / dung/debris feeder
superficial, scattered or gregarious cleistothecium of Orbicula parietina feeds on dung/debris pellet of Strigiformes
Other: unusual host/prey

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Animal / parasite / ectoparasite
imago of Ornithomya avicularia ectoparasitises Strigiformes

Animal / dung/debris feeder
colony of Scopulariopsis anamorph of Scopulariopsis candida feeds on dung/debris pellet of Strigiformes

Animal / parasite / endoparasite
usually solitary tapeworm of Taenia taeniaeformis endoparasitises small intestine of Strigiformes

Animal / dung/debris feeder
larva of Trox perlatus feeds on dung/debris pellet of Strigiformes

Animal / dung/debris feeder
Trox scaber feeds on dung/debris prey debris of nest of Strigiformes
Other: major host/prey

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Known prey organisms

Strigiformes preys on:
Oligochaeta
Arvicolinae
Sciurognathi
Geomyidae
Marmota
Lepus
Tamias
Spermophilus
Peromyscus maniculatus
Mustelinae
Anseriformes
Sciuridae
Ambystoma annulatum
Thamnophis butleri
Egretta tricolor
Actitis macularia
Zenaida asiatica
Otus asio
Chordeiles minor
Amazilia tzacatl
Picoides scalaris
Hirundo rustica
Agelaius phoeniceus
Passer domesticus
Corvus corax
Didelphis virginiana
Sorex cinereus
Sorex dispar
Sorex merriami
Blarina brevicauda
Blarina carolinensis
Blarina hylophaga
Neurotrichus gibbsii
Myotis austroriparius
Myotis grisescens
Eptesicus fuscus
Lasiurus seminolus
Nycticeius humeralis
Pipistrellus hesperus
Pteropus samoensis
Lepus capensis
Sylvilagus floridanus
Sylvilagus nuttallii
Glaucomys sabrinus
Glaucomys volans
Sciurus niger
Ammospermophilus leucurus
Tamias alpinus
Tamias striatus
Dipodomys californicus
Dipodomys compactus
Dipodomys deserti
Dipodomys microps
Perognathus fasciatus
Peromyscus leucopus
Peromyscus gossypinus
Peromyscus boylii
Peromyscus polionotus
Peromyscus truei
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Microtus ochrogaster
Reithrodontomys megalotis
Mus musculus
Onychomys arenicola
Zapus princeps
Mustela nivalis
Mustela frenata
Procyon lotor
Felis silvestris
Chaetodipus formosus
Lemmiscus curtatus
Chaetodipus baileyi
Microcebus rufus
Eulemur rubriventer
Avahi laniger
Arctocebus calabarensis
Leontopithecus chrysopygus
Saguinus nigricollis
Callicebus personatus
Macaca sylvanus
Miopithecus talapoin
Microcavia australis
Elephantulus myurus
Elephantulus rufescens
Notomys alexis
Gymnobelideus leadbeateri
Conepatus chinga
Mazama gouazoupira
Neotragus moschatus
Raphicerus sharpei
Ratufa indica
Myopus schisticolor
Meriones crassus
Tatera indica
Akodon cursor
Solenodon cubanus
Hemiechinus aethiopicus
Sorex araneus
Miniopterus australis
Hipposideros diadema
Eidolon helvum
Epomophorus gambianus
Hypsignathus monstrosus
Taphozous melanopogon
Megaderma lyra
Diaemus youngi
Natalus lepidus

Based on studies in:
England: Oxfordshire, Wytham Wood (Forest)
USA: Montana (Tundra)
USA: Alaska, Barrow (Tundra)
USA: Alaska (Tundra)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • D. L. Pattie and N. A. M. Verbeek, Alpine birds of the Beartooth Mountains, Condor 68:167-176 (1966); Alpine mammals of the Beartooth Mountains, Northwest Sci. 41(3):110-117 (1967).
  • G. C. Varley, The concept of energy flow applied to a woodland community. In: Animal Populations in Relation to Their Food Resources, A. Watson, Ed. (Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, England, 1970), pp. 389-401, from p. 389.
  • J. Brown, Ecological investigations of the Tundra biome in the Prudhoe Bay Region, Alaska, Special Report, no. 2, Biol. Pap. Univ. Alaska (1975), from p. xiv.
  • J. Brown, The structure and function of the tundra ecosystem, U.S. Tundra Biome 1971 Progress Rept. 1 (1971).
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Perception Channels: visual ; tactile ; acoustic ; chemical

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Reproduction

Key Reproductive Features: iteroparous ; gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate); sexual ; oviparous

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:773
Specimens with Sequences:573
Specimens with Barcodes:560
Species:95
Species With Barcodes:80
Public Records:433
Public Species:57
Public BINs:85
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Barcode data

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