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Overview

Brief Summary

Biology

While little information is available regarding the biology of Ficus bojeri, it is likely to be similar to that of other fig species. Fig trees are pollinated solely by fig wasps, tiny insects just a couple of millimetres long. In turn, fig wasps are only able to breed inside figs; a remarkable example of a mutualistic relationship in which one cannot survive without the other (5). A female fig wasp, flying around in search of a fig tree, is attracted to specific chemicals given off by the fig when it is ready for pollination. Once located, the female fig wasp squeezes her way into the fig through a tiny opening at the top; a task that is so challenging that her wings and antennae usually break off in the process. She pollinates the stigmas, with pollen carried from the fig she developed in, and then lays her eggs into the ovary of one of the tiny flowers. Here the larvae develop, as does the fig, for a period of three to twenty weeks. Once the fig wasps have reached maturity, they chew their way out into the fig cavity. The males are wingless, and after mating with the females, they chew a hole through the fig wall to allow the females to escape and then die. The females, covered with pollen from the fig from which they emerged, then begin the search for a receptive young fig, in which they will start the cycle over again (5). It is only after the female fig wasps have left the fig that it ripens, adopting a colour and scent that makes it attractive to fruit-eating animals such as monkeys, birds and bats. These animals, after ingesting the fruit, excrete the seeds at a new location, where a new fig tree will hopefully grow (5).
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Description

Ficus bojeri is a fairly small fig tree with greyish-brown bark, slender branches and thin, oval-shaped green leaves (3) (4). The leaves, which grow up to 20 centimetres long, have serrated edges and a sand paper-like feel (2) (3). Like other figs, the tiny flowers of this plant are found on the inside of a round, green receptacle (the fig), which measures up to one centimetre in diameter. These 'fruits' hang from the trunk of the tree on short stalks up to one centimetre long (2).
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Distribution

Range Description

Endemic to the Gulf region, the species occurs in remaining areas of rainforest, ranging as far north as northern Veracruz.
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Range Description

Endemic to the Seychelles.
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Range

While some sources say that this fig is found only in the Seychelles (1), others state that it occurs in the Seychelles, Comoro Islands and Madagascar (5).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Ficus hondurensis Standl. & L.O. Williams
Catalog Number: US 2215973
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. Valerio R.
Year Collected: 1946
Locality: Las Mesas, Francisco Morazán, Honduras, Central America
Elevation (m): 900 to 900
  • Isotype: Standley, P. C. & Williams, L. O. 1950. Ceiba. 1: 78.
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Holotype for Ficus inamoena Standl.
Catalog Number: US 860244
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): O. F. Cook
Year Collected: 1906
Locality: Joyabaj., Quiché, Guatemala, Central America
  • Holotype: Standley, P. C. 1917. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 16.
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Isosyntype for Ficus subrotundifolia Greenm.
Catalog Number: US 462598
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. G. Pringle
Year Collected: 1903
Locality: Jalisco, Mexico, North America
Elevation (m): 1219
  • Isosyntype: Greenman, J. M. 1905. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 41: 237.
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Isosyntype for Ficus subrotundifolia Greenm.
Catalog Number: US 461412
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. G. Pringle
Year Collected: 1904
Locality: Cuernavaca., Morelos, Mexico, North America
Elevation (m): 1525 to 1525
  • Isosyntype: Greenman, J. M. 1905. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 41: 237.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Rainforest.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
A species of the granitic islands.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Ficus bojeri grows in forests up to 1,400 metres above sea level (5).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ficus cotinifolia

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ficus lapathifolia

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ficus hondurensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
A1c

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1998
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s
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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
D2

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1998
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s

History
  • 1997
    Vulnerable
    (Walter and Gillett 1998)
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Status

Classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List 2007 (1).
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Threats

Ficus bojeri has been assessed as being Vulnerable to extinction by the IUCN (1), but it is unclear what threats this little-known species currently faces.
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Management

Conservation

There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Ficus bojeri

Ficus bojeri is a species of plant in the Moraceae family. It is endemic to Seychelles.

Source[edit]


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