The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Acta Amazonica 14(1/2): 177. 1984. (Acta Amazon.)
  • Alverson, W. S., D. K. Moskovits & J. S. Shopland. 2000. Bolivia: Pando, Río Tahuamanu. Rapid Biol. Inv. 1: 1–79.
  • Berg, C. C. & X. Villavicencio L. 2003. El género Ficus (Moraceae) en Bolivia. Revista Soc. Boliv. Bot. 4(1): 81–129.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286.
  • Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Isotype: Berg, C. C. 1984. Acta Amazon. 14: 195.
  • Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador–A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.


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