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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Erect, robust herb, often well-branched and shrubby, up to 2 m. Leaves 3-foliolate with elliptic to obovate leaflets, appressed puberulous below. Flowers in dense erect, spike-like inflorescences, pale lemon-yellow. Pods inflated, pendent, up to 5 cm. See Crotalaria rogersii for comparison.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Crotalaria striata fo. latifoliolata De Wild.:
Zaire (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Crotalaria pallida Aiton:
Burma (Asia)
Benin (Africa & Madagascar)
Bolivia (South America)
Brazil (South America)
Bangladesh (Asia)
Bhutan (Asia)
Cambodia (Asia)
Colombia (South America)
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
El Salvador (Mesoamerica)
Ethiopia (Africa & Madagascar)
Gabon (Africa & Madagascar)
Ghana (Africa & Madagascar)
Gambia (Africa & Madagascar)
Guinea (Africa & Madagascar)
Guinea-Bissau (Africa & Madagascar)
Guyana (South America)
Chad (Africa & Madagascar)
Ivory Coast (Africa & Madagascar)
Indonesia (Asia)
India (Asia)
Kenya (Africa & Madagascar)
Liberia (Africa & Madagascar)
Laos (Asia)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Malawi (Africa & Madagascar)
Mali (Africa & Madagascar)
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)
Mozambique (Africa & Madagascar)
Namibia (Africa & Madagascar)
Nepal (Asia)
Niger (Africa & Madagascar)
Philippines (Asia)
Pakistan (Asia)
Malaysia (Asia)
Paraguay (South America)
Sierra Leone (Africa & Madagascar)
Cameroon (Africa & Madagascar)
Congo (Brazzaville) (Africa & Madagascar)
Central African Republic (Africa & Madagascar)
Burundi (Africa & Madagascar)
Burkina (Africa & Madagascar)
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Angola (Africa & Madagascar)
Cabinda (Africa & Madagascar)
Rwanda (Africa & Madagascar)
Sudan (Africa & Madagascar)
Senegal (Africa & Madagascar)
Sri Lanka (Asia)
Swaziland (Africa & Madagascar)
Thailand (Asia)
Togo (Africa & Madagascar)
Taiwan (Asia)
Tanzania (Africa & Madagascar)
Uganda (Africa & Madagascar)
Venezuela (South America)
Vietnam (Asia)
Caribbean (Caribbean)
South Africa (Africa & Madagascar)
Zimbabwe (Africa & Madagascar)
Zambia (Africa & Madagascar)
Zaire (Africa & Madagascar)
China (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Crotalaria striata Schumach. & Thonn.:
Ghana (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Crotalaria striata DC.:
Brazil (South America)
India (Asia)
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Crotalaria pallida Blanco:
Guyana (South America)
United States (North America)
Caribbean (Caribbean)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103 External link.
  • Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1033072 External link.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Crotalaria mucronata Desv.:
Caribbean (Caribbean)
Venezuela (South America)
United States (North America)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Colombia (South America)
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
Brazil (South America)
Belize (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Worldwide distribution

A pantropical species.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

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Tropics; a native of central and tropical America.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Physical Description

Morphology

"
Flower

A terminal raceme, yellow, striped with red. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit

A pod, oblong, green. Seeds many, reniform. Fruiting throughout the year.

Leaf Apices

Apiculate

Leaf arrangement

Alternate

Leaf Bases

Cuneate

Leaf Margins

Entire

Leaf Shapes

Obovate

Leaf Types

Trifoliate

Habit

An erect herbaceous shrub.

"
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Source: India Biodiversity Portal

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Physical Description

Annual, Herbs, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems 1-2 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules inconspicuous, absent, or caducous, Stipule s free, Leaves compound, Leaves palmately 2-3 foliate, Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets 3, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces, Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Inflorescence terminal, Inflorescence leaf-opposed, Bracts very small, absent or caducous, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx glabrous, Calyx hairy, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals orange or yellow, Banner petal suborbicular, broadly rounded, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Keel abruptly curved, or spirally coiled, Stamens 9-10, Stamens or anthers dimorphic, alternating large and small, Stamens monadelphous, united below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Style hairy, Fruit a legume, Fruit stipitate, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit strongly curved, falcate, bent, or lunate, Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit inflated or turgid, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit 11-many se eded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Dr. David Bogler

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Elevation Range

200-1370 m
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Introduced, native to Central and Tropical America. Found in plains, upto 1000m. Has also spread to Tropical Africa, Asia, Malaysia, Queensland."
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Source: India Biodiversity Portal

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Population Biology

Frequency

Frequent
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Crotalaria pallida

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Crotalaria mucronata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Crotalaria pallida

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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Source: NatureServe

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Ants feed on the nectar. Cattle stay away from the plant. Children play with the fruits as a rattle.
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