Hedysarum coronarium is a sparsely appressed-pubescent perennial herb that reaches up to 30-80 cm with branched stems. Leaves are compound imparipinnate with 3-5 pairs of 1-3 x 1-1.5 cm, elliptical to obovate-orbicular leaflets which are glabrescent on the upper surface, and pubescent on the lower. Flowers are with reddish-purple and arranged in 8-30- flowered racemes. The fruit is a pod with 2-4, quadrangular, glabrous, and spinulose segments.
Distribution in Egypt
Mareotic Sector, Libyan Desert, Nubian Desert, Gebel Oweinat.
Southern Europe and Western Mediterranean Region.
Height: 30-80 cm
Waste Ground, Propably Escape From Cultivation.
Life History and Behavior
Hedysarum coronarium (French honeysuckle, cock's head, Italian sainfoin, sulla) is a perennial herb native to Malta, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, southern Italy and Spain, cultivated for animal fodder and hay, and for honey production.
The plant is deep-rooted and drought-resistant, growing to 1–1.5 m tall with leaves imparipinnate with 7–11 leaflets. Flowers are red, with the standard 12–15 mm long; fruits are jointed and made of 2–4 spinulose articles. Pods have a yellow thorny surface that turns brown at maturity.
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