The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Gofas, S.; Bouchet, P.; Reid, David G. (2015). Afrolittorina Williams, Reid & Littlewood, 2003. In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Mol Phylogenet Evol 28 (1), July: 82.
  • Williams, S.; Reid, D.; Littlewood, D. (2003). A molecular phylogeny of the Littorininae (Gastropoda: Littorinidae): unequal evolutionary rates, morphological parallelism, and biogeography of the Southern Ocean. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 28(1): 60-86.


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