Data about <i>Ailanthus altissima</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Ailanthus altissima.

Distribution

Data about <i>Ailanthus altissima</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail China Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail China Global Invasive Species Listings  
Introduced range includes
Additional detail Argentina Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Chile Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Europe Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Gibraltar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Greece Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Hawaii, USA USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Hungary Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Iran Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Japan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Korea, Republic of Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Mediterranean Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Pakistan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saint Helena Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail South Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Kingdom Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Ailanthus altissima</i>
Fruit or seed color
Additional detail yellow
  • Yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Flower color
Additional detail green
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Leaf color
Additional detail green
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant height max
Additional detail 15.24 m base age USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
median Additional detail 16.76 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.46 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.49 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.51 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.54 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.55 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.58 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
Shape
Additional detail rounded
  • Rounded
    Subcircular: A circular shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being nearly, but not perfectly, circular.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002397
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Primary growth form
Additional detail single stem
  • Single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail medium (23 – 59)
  • Medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Foliage texture
Additional detail rough
  • Rough
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's irregular surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000700
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Ailanthus altissima</i>
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Frost free days min
Additional detail 150 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 35.56 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 2.29 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Soil depth min
Additional detail 76.2 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -27.8 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Habitat
Additional detail arid
  • Arid
    An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bridge
  • Bridge
    A built structure erected over a depression or obstacle to carry traffic or some facility such as a pipeline.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000075
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail city Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cold temperature habitat
  • Cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cultivated habitat
  • Cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail dry soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail elevation
  • Elevation
    A landform elevated above the surrounding area.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000176
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hedge
  • Hedge
    A dense growth of shrubbery planted as a fence or boundary.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000046
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail levee
  • Levee
    An artificial slope or wall, usually earthen, which parallels the course of a river, built for the purpose of containing the river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000178
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail loam
  • Loam
    A soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002258
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plantation
  • Plantation
    An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail road
  • Road
    An open way for the passage of vehicles, persons, or animals on land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000064
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail road cut Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail salt contaminated soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail subtropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Upland
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Upland National Wetland Plant List  
Fire resistance
Additional detail is not fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Allelopathic effect
Additional detail known allelopath
  • Known allelopath
    The organism has been shown to produce one or more compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of at least one other organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • Adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • Adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Drought tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail high tolerance
  • High tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Moisture use
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Salt tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Ailanthus altissima</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • Deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period
Additional detail late spring
  • Late spring
    The late part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSpring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Active growth period
Additional detail spring and summer USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Growth rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Life span
Additional detail low life span
  • Low life span
    Decreased life span: A life span which is relatively low.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001604
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will resprout
  • Will resprout
    The plant will resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification required
  • Cold stratification required
    Cold stratification significantly increases the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fire tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period end
Additional detail autumn
  • Autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period begin
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is persistent
  • Fruit/seed is persistent
    The fruit or seed is persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seeds per pound average
Additional detail 14,640 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed spread rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seedling survival
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Vegetative spread rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Ailanthus altissima</i>
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
Soil pH min
Additional detail 4.1 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 7.9 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
Nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Ailanthus altissima</i>
Invasive in
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Greece Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Hungary Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Japan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Pakistan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail South Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
  • Invasive/noxious listings
    Indicates whether a taxon is listed on a global or regional list of invasive organisms or whether it has special legal status due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InvasiveNoxiousStatus
Invasive/noxious listings
Additional detail California Invasive Plant Inventory
  • California Invasive Plant Inventory
    Organism is listed in the California Invasive Plant Inventory. California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California. http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/inventory/index.php
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/californiaInvasivePlantInventory
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories
  • Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories
    Organism is listed in the Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories. Australian Weeds Committee. 2012. Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories. Version 26b.00. http://www.weeds.org.au/docs/weednet6.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/australiaNoxiousWeed
Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail US State noxious weed lists USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants
  • Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants
    Organism is listed in Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/wisconsinInvasivePlants
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Horticulture
Additional detail flower is conspicuous
  • Flower is conspicuous
    Flowers are conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is conspicuous
  • Fruit/seed is conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is not fall conspicuous
  • Is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • Suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
Foliage porosity winter
Additional detail moderately porous
  • Moderately porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderatePorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
Foliage porosity summer
Additional detail moderately porous
  • Moderately porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderatePorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail moderate
  • Moderate
    An intensity which is less than extreme in type or degree or effect or force.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000395
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Hedge tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Planting density max
Additional detail 1,200 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
min Additional detail 300 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant propagation method
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by bare root
  • Propogated by bare root
    It is practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by container
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by cuttings
  • Propogated by cuttings
    It is practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • Propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • Not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as pulpwood product
  • Not suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for naval store products
  • Not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not used as fodder product
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as lumber product
  • Suitable as lumber product
    The plant is suitable, or has potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as nursery stock product
  • Suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as veneer product
  • Suitable as veneer product
    The tree is commonly used or has high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Fuelwood suitability
    The relative suitability or potential of a tree or shrub to produce fuelwood. If suitability is unknown, fuelwood potential is expressed in terms of weight (in lbs) per cubic foot of green wood. Relative values correspond to these numerical ranges: Low: <28; Medium: 28-35; High: >35. Plants other than trees and shrubs are left blank here.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FuelwoodSuitability
Fuelwood suitability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Browse animal palatability
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Graze animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Protein potential
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

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