The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Birky Jr., C. W. 2004. Bdelloid rotifers revisited. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 101:2651–2652.
  • Donner, J. 1965. Ordnung Bdelloidea. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin. 297 pp.
  • Fontaneto, D., DeSmet W. H., & Melone G. (2008). Identification key to the genera of marine rotifers worldwide. Meiofauna Marina. 16,
  • Fontaneto, D., DeSmet W. H., & Ricci C. (2006). Rotifers in saltwater environments, re-evaluation of an inconspicuous taxon. Journal of the Marine Biological Association, U.K.. 86,
  • Fontaneto, D., E. A. Herniou, T. G. Barraclough, C. Ricci, and G. Melone. 2007. On the reality and recognisability of asexual organisms: morphological analysis of the masticatory apparatus of bdelloid rotifers. Zoologica Scripta 36(4):361–370.
  • Hur, J. H., K. Van Doninck, M. L. Mandigo, and M. Meselson. 2009. Degenerate tetraploidy was established before bdelloid rotifer families diverged. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26(2):375-383; doi:10.1093/molbev/msn260
  • Judson, O. P. and B. B. Normark. 2000. Sinless originals. Science 288:1185-1186.
  • Mark Welch, D. B. and M. Meselson. 2000. Evidence for the evolution of bdelloid rotifers without sexual reproduction or genetic exchange. Science 288:1211–1215.
  • Mark Welch, D. B., J. L. Mark Welch, and M. Meselson. 2004. Cytogenetic evidence for asexual evolution of bdelloid rotifers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 101(6):1618-1621.
  • Melone, G. and C. Ricci. 1995. Rotatory apparatus in bdelloids. Hydrobiologia 313/314:91–98.
  • Melone, G., C. Ricci, H. Segers and R.L. Wallace. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of phylum Rotifera with emphasis on the families of Bdelloidea, Hydrobiologia 387/388:101–107.
  • Melone, G., C. Ricci, and H. Segers. 1998. The trophi of Bdelloidea (Rotifera): a comparative study across the class. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76:1755–1765.
  • Ricci, C. 1998. Anhydrobiotic capabilities of bdelloid rotifers. Hydrobiologia 387/388:321–326.
  • Ricci, C. 1987. Ecology of bdelloids: how to be successful, Hydrobiologia 147:117–127.
  • Ricci, C. 1998. Are lemnisci and proboscis present in the Bdelloidea?, Hydrobiologia 387/388:93–96.
  • Ricci, C. and G. Melone. 2000. Key to the identification of the genera of bdelloid rotifers. Hydrobiologia 418:73–80.
  • Segers, H. (2015). Bdelloidea. In: Segers, H. (Ed.) (2015). World Rotifera database from FADA. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Segers, H. 2002. The nomenclature of the Rotifera: annotated checklist of valid family- and genus-group names. Journal of Natural History 36:631-640.


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