Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Colonial, hermatypic, mostly extant. Colonies have all growth forms known for hermatypic corals. Corallites (except Astreopora) are small with septa in two cycles or less, columellae are poorly developed. Related families Pocilloporidae and Astrocoeniidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>).
  • MASDEA (1997).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:162Public Records:46
Specimens with Sequences:100Public Species:12
Specimens with Barcodes:89Public BINs:5
Species:42         
Species With Barcodes:25         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Acroporidae

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Wikipedia

Acroporidae

Acroporidae is a family of small polyped stony corals in the phylum Cnidaria. The name is derived from the Greek "akron" meaning "summit" and refers to the presence of a corallite at the tip of each branch of coral.[2] They are commonly known as staghorn corals and are grown in aquaria by reef hobbyists.[3]

Description[edit]

Staghorn corals are the dominant group of reef builders. They come in many shapes and sizes and can be highly variable in colour and form, even within the same species. Most are either branched or table-top shaped and some are encrusting. Their colours vary between browns, whites, pinks, blues, yellows, greens and purple, depending not only on species but also on the growing conditions. Identification is difficult and requires close examination of the corallites and a biochemical and genetic analysis.[3] There is a corallite at the tip of each branch and, with the exception of Astreopora, these are small with up to twelve septa in two cycles.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Anacropora, Astreopora and Montipora are found in the Indian and Pacific Ocean. Acropora is cosmopolitan and is both common and conspicuous, usually being dominant in Indo-Pacific reefs.[2] Enigmopora is represented by a single new species, Enigmopora darveliensis,[1] found in Malaysia and the Philippines.[4]

Biology[edit]

Staghorn corals are hermaphrodites. They are mostly broadcast-spawners and some species have been involved in annual synchronous mass-spawning events on the Great Barrier Reef and in Japanese and Indonesian waters. Some species undergo fragmentation, a form of asexual reproduction, and this sometimes results in reefs composed of a single species.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hoeksema, B. (2013). "Acroporidae". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Classification of Scleractinian (Stony) Corals
  3. ^ a b Quintessential Small Polyped Stony Corals, the Staghorns, Family Acroporidae
  4. ^ J. C. Delbeek, Z. Richards, E. Lovell, D. Bass, G. Aeby & C. Reboton (208). "Enigmopora darveliensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 20, 2012. 
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