Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:40Public Records:18
Specimens with Sequences:18Public Species:11
Specimens with Barcodes:18Public BINs:7
Species:15         
Species With Barcodes:11         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Antipathidae

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Wikipedia

Antipathidae

Antipathidae is a family of the order Antipatharia containing the following genera:[1]

References

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Black coral

Black corals (Antipatharia) are a group of deep water, tree-like corals related to sea anemones which normally occur in the tropics although they are also found in shallow water non-tropical areas such as Milford Sound in New Zealand where they can be seen in an underwater observatory. There are about 230 known species of Antipatharians in 42 genera[1].

Though black coral's living tissue is brilliantly colored, it takes its name from the distinctive black or dark brown color of its skeleton. Also unique to black coral are the tiny spines that cover the surface of the skeleton, the origin of the nickname little thorn coral. In the Hawaiian language, black coral is called ‘ēkaha kū moana and is the official state gem of Hawaii. Black coral is listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Contents

Families

Family Antipathidae

Family Aphanipathidae

Family Cladopathidae

Family Leiopathidae

Family Myriopathidae

Family Schizopathidae

Family Stylopathidae

Lifespan

In March 2009, scientists released the results of their research on deep-sea (depths of ~300 to 3,000 m) corals throughout the world. They discovered a subdivision of Black Coral, Leiopathes sp. specimens, to be among the oldest continuously living organisms on the planet; around 4,265 years old. They show that the "radial growth rates are as low as 4 to 35 micrometers per year and that individual colony longevities are on the order of thousands of years".[2][3]

References

  1. ^ Tazioli, S., Bo, M., Boyer, M., Rotinsulu, H. & Bavestrello, G., 2007. Ecology of some common antipatharians from the Marine Park of Bunaken (North Sulawesi, Indonesia). Zoological Studies, 46, 227–241
  2. ^ Roark EB, Guilderson TP, Dunbar RB, Fallon SJ, Mucciarone DA (2009-02-10). "Extreme longevity in proteinaceous deep-sea corals". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 10.1073/pnas.0810875106 (13): 5204–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.0810875106. PMID 19307564. PMC 2663997. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/03/20/0810875106.abstract. 
  3. ^ Graczyk, Michael (2009-03-25). "Scientists ID living coral as 4,265 years old". The Associated Press. http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/ap/tx/6341406.html. 
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