The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cairns, S. D. 1994. Scleractinia of the temperate North Pacific. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology., 557: 150 pp.
  • Cairns, S. D. 1995. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir, 103: 210 pp.
  • Cairns, S. D. and G. D. Stanley. 1982. Ahermatypic coral banks: living and fossil counterparts. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, Manila (1981), 1: 611-618.
  • Cairns, S. D. and H. Zibrowius. 1997. Cnidaria, Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 172: 27-243.
  • Cairns, S. D., B. W. Hoeksema, and J. van der Land. 1999. Appendix: List of Extant Stony Corals. Atoll Research Bulletin, 459: 13-46.
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Dana, James D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the command of Charles Wilker, U. S. N., vol VII. Zoophytes, C. Sherman. 7-740
  • Grygier, M. J. 1991. Introcornia (Crustacea: Ascothoracica: Petrarcidae) parasitic in an ahermatypic coral from Saint Paul Island, Indian Ocean. Vie Milieu, 40(4): 313-318.
  • Stanley, G. D. and S. D. Cairns. 1988. Constructional azooxanthellate coral communities: an overview with implications for the fossil record. Palaios, 3: 233-242.
  • Stolarski, J. 1995. Ontogenetic development of thecal structures in caryophylliine scleractinian corals. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 40: 19-44.
  • Vaughan, T. W., and J. W. Wells. 1943. Revision of the suborders, families, and genera of the Scleractinia. Geological Society of America, Special Papers, 44: 363 pp.
  • Wells, J. W. 1956. Scleractinia. Pp. F328-F444 In: Moore, R. C. (editor) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part F: Coelenterata. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.
  • Zibrowius, H. and M. J. Grygier. 1985. Diversity and range of scleractinian coral hosts of Ascothoracica (Crustacea: Maxillopoda). Annals de l'Institut Océanographique, Paris, 61(2): 115-138.


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