The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Gauld, I. and B. Bolton. 1988. The Hymenoptera. British Museum (Natural History) and Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Jell, P. A. and P. M. Duncan. 1986. Invertebrates, mainly insects, from the freshwater, Lower Cretaceous, Koonwarra Fossil Bed (Korumburra Group), South Gippsland, Victoria. Mem. Assoc. Australas. Paleaont. 3: 111-205.
  • Quicke, D. L. J., H. H. Basibuyuk, M. G. Fitton and A. P. Rasnitsyn. 1999. Morphological, palaeontological and molecular aspects of ichneumonoid phylogeny (Hymenoptera, Insecta). Zool. Scripta 28: 175-202.
  • Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1983. Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera) from the lower Cretaceous of Mongolia. Contrib. Amer. Entomol. Inst. 20: 259-265.
  • Rasnitsyn, A. P. and M. J. Sharkey. 1988. New Eoichneumonidae from the early Cretaceous of Siberia and Mongolia (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Pp. 169-197 in: Gupta, V. K., ed., Advances in Parasitic Hymenoptera Research, E. J. Brill, Leiden.
  • Sharkey, M. J. and D. B. Wahl. 1992. Cladistics of the Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera). J. Hymenopt. Res. 1: 15-24.
  • Townes, H. 1973. Two ichneumonids (Hymenoptera) from the early Cretaceous. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 75: 216-219.
  • Wahl, D. B. and M. J. Sharkey. 1993.Superfamily Ichneumonoidea. Pp. 358-509 in: Goulet, H. and J. T. Huber, eds., Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa.
  • Whitfield, J. B. 2002. Estimating the age of the polydnavirus/braconid wasp symbiosis. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 7508-7513.


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