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Description

 Thallus: crustose, warted-areolate to rimose; areoles: moderately to strongly convex, sometimes irregularly wrinkled, 0.15-0.35(-0.50) mm in diam., ecorticate but sometimes with a loose unorganised alga-free layer of various hyphae; surface: greenish yellow to ochre or brownish gray, dull, esorediate; Apothecia: rounded or slightly irregular in outline, rarely flexuose, single or in groups, sessile with a constricted base, 0.5-0.9(-1.5) mm in diam.; disc: orange- or red-brown to almost black, flat to weakly convex, finely white or pale blue pruinose, dull; margin: prominent in young apothecia, persistent though usually more flat in older apothecia, yellowish beige, dull, weakly wrinkled or knobby, without a parathecial ring; amphithecium: present, with an algal layer, laterally 90-100 µm wide, basally 100-125(-210) µm wide, medulla with irregularly entangled, short-celled hyphae with lumina 1-2 µm wide, corticate; cortex: 5-10 µm above, 20-35 µm below, composed of strongly gelatinized anti-clinally arranged hyphae with 1.5-3(-3.5) µm wide lumina; epihymenium: orange- to red-brown, granular (soluble in K) 5-15 µm thick; hymenium: hyaline to pale yellow, often with orange-brown to ochre, granular stripes, 50-60 µm tall; paraphyses: simple or apically weakly branched and anastomosing, with 0.7-1 µm, apically 1.2-2(-2.5) µm wide lumina; apical cells: often with brown walls; subhymenium: hyaline, 20-60 µm thick; hypothecium: hyaline, 45-100 µm thick; asci: clavate, 8-spored; ascospores: hyaline, simple, ellipsoid, (9-)9.8-11.6(-13) x (4-)4.9-5.6(-6) µm; Pycnidia: not observed; Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-; Secondary metabolites: ±isousnic acid (missing in 4 coll.), ±usnic acid (missing in 1 coll.).; Substrate and ecology: sometimes endosubstratal, on wood or old bark of conifers and Quercus; World distribution: southwestern North America; Sonoran distribution: Arizona, southern California and Baja California above 1250 m in California and 2000 m in the eastern part of the area.; Notes: Lecanora coniferarum differs from L. saligna by chemistry, broader and more regularly ellipsoid ascospores and an apothecial margin with a distinctly broadened basal cortex. Lecanora laxa can be distinguished by shorter ascospores and a strongly constricted apothecial base. 

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© Lichen Unlimited: Arizona State University, Tempe.

Source: Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region

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