Hyalomma ticks are important vectors of the virus causing Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever. Ticks in this genus parasitize domestic and wild mammals and birds and are abundant in semi-arid zones. Most Hyalomma species have 3-host life cycles, but some species undergo either a 2-host or 3-host cycle depending on the host; ticks of at least one species (H. scupense) have a 1-host life cycle. Unlike most other ixodid ticks, which wait on vegetation for a host to pass, adult Hyalomma actively run out from their resting sites when a host approaches. (Jongejan and Uilenberg 2004)
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:157
Specimens with Barcodes:156
Species With Barcodes:15
Hyalomma is a genus of hard-bodied ticks, common in Asia, Europe, and North Africa. They are also found in Southern Africa. The bites cause the surrounding tissue to die and become necrotic. The dead tissue falls out of the body after a few days. The wounds look very serious, but usually heal without any intervention and do not generally become infected any further.
The species of this genus are ascribed with spreading the virus that causes the life-threatening Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
- Hyalomma aegyptium Linnaeus, 1758
- Hyalomma albiparmatum Schulze, 1919
- Hyalomma arabica Pegram, Hoogstraal & Wassef, 1982
- Hyalomma brevipunctata Sharif, 1928
- Hyalomma dromedarii Koch 1844
- Hyalomma erythraeum Tonelli-Rondelli, 1932
- Hyalomma franchinii Tonelli-Rondelli, 1932
- Hyalomma hussaini Sharif, 1928
- Hyalomma hystricis Dhanda & Raja, 1974
- Hyalomma impeltatum Schulze & Schlottke, 1930
- Hyalomma impressum Koch 1844
- Hyalomma kumari Sharif, 1928
- Hyalomma lusitanicum Koch, 1844
- Hyalomma marginatum Koch 1844
- Hyalomma nitidum Schulze, 1919
- Hyalomma punt Hoogstraal, Kaiser & Pedersen, 1969
- Hyalomma rhipicephaloides Neumann, 1901
- Hyalomma schulzei Olenev 1931
- Hyalomma scupense Schulze, 1919 
- Hyalomma sinaii Feldman-Muhsam, 1960
- Hyalomma truncatum Koch 1844
- Hyalomma turanicum Pomerantsev, 1946
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